approach to d etect five code bad smells after enhancing . Killing Speculative Generality Code Smell. 30. Speculative generality. Aside from obvious hygiene and social considerations, in much the same way a strong and unpleasant body smell may be the surface indicator of a deeper medical problem, a strong and unpleasant code smell may be the symptom of relevant weaknesses in the code design. Writing code because you might need it is sometimes called "speculative programming", or "Speculative Generality".Both are not to be confused with a the CPU's "speculative execution". I found a common pattern used in their code base. - Speculative Generality Code Smell This code smell is about premature optimization, many developers fail to see this one. For example: Comments, Duplicate Code, Lazy Class, Data Class, Dead Code, Speculative Generality. Inline Class Remedy of Speculative Generality 27. For each code smell type, a set of metrics is calculated to identify whether a section of the code is an instance of a code smell type. Dispensables are avoidable components whose absence would make the code much more cleaner, readable and efficient. In this article after publishing what refactoring is, I want to describe what are the known smell codes, then you can find them and fix them. new code smell? It's fake generality. Hinders: comprehension, maintenance; Just delete the code; Speculative Generality. The most common focus of the envy is the data." 13. Writing code that is more abstract than it needs to be is often considered to be code smell called "speculative generality" (also mentioned in the post). In software, a code smell is not pleasant. Extract Variable. Metrics describing the introduction and evolution of anti-patterns in code present a promising opportunity for experimentation. Extract variable can help resolve the Comments code smell. I’m just reviewing a project’s code. The “code”, could be a feature, superclass or even and interface that is not necessary. Speculative Generality This group contains two types of smells (dispensable classes and dispensable code), but since they violate the same principle, we will look at them together. 6 What is a Code Smell Used as heuristics to indicate when code should be refactored The phrase “Code Smell” is mainly attributed to Kent Beck in the 90’s (xp fame) 6. Speculative Generality: Write code to solve today's problems, and worry about tomorrow's problems when they actually materialize. Speculative generality occurs when you make a superclass, interface or code that is not needed at the time, but you think you may use it someday. Object Refactoring Extract Class. Inline Method can help resolve Speculative Generality. The solution for this particular Code Smell lies on two different approaches, depending on the need of code. Dealing with a Code Smell • Pragmatic view: Analyze each one & determine whether there really is a problem • Purist view: Get rid of it. [27] proposed a code pattern based . Program entity (class, method, parameter, code fragment, statement, variable) that is unused in the system. Speculative Generality There is an unused class, method, field or parameter. [F 82, K 44] Speculative Generality: This odor exists when you have generic or abstract code that isn’t actually needed today. It makes code harder to understand and maintain. Classes should start out clear and easy to understand if you have a design to follow. I don't think we should use phrases like interested, since code and machines do not have human qualities such as interest or envy. That is, make your code meet today's requirements, and don't try to anticipate which way tomorrow's requirements will go. Couplers. There are various types of code smells. Couplers All the smells in this group contribute to excessive coupling between classes or show what happens if coupling is replaced by excessive delegation. Object-oriented abusers. In other words, its not exposed as part of the API. (Thus an XP team is more likely to evolve a framework from an application than to build a framework and use it to create an application.) Code smells occur when code is not written using fundamental standards. STUDY. The result is often harder to understand and maintain. You (Probably) Aren't Gonna Need It. • Increased Complexity. Bad Code Smells are similar in concept to Development-level Antipatterns. They describe code in need of refactoring in rich language such as 'Speculative Generality', 'Inappropriate Intimacy' or 'shotgun surgery'. Each interface is only implemented by one class. creates the smell Speculative Generality in 68% of the cases. A classic [code] smell is a method that seems more interested in a class other than the one it is in. Find them and removing or replacing them is very important for the overall quality of the code. Every class implements an Interface. new code smell? CCS CONCEPTS • Software and its engineering → Software evolution; KEYWORDS Refactoring, Code Smells, Structural Quality Permission to make digital or hard copies of all or part of this work for personal or Speculative Generality [CODING SKILL] Code thối – Code smell – Anti pattern Tháng Bảy 30, 2019 Mr.Shun 0 < CODING SKILL > Note nhẹ một vài dạng code smells (code thối) để ae tránh Feature Envy: Trong class A get một vài . The tool uses a genetic algorithm (GA) to search for the best sequence of refactoring that removes the highest number of code smells from the source code. Tìm kiếm cho: * Don’t try to cover a case that likely has 1% chance to happen in the future. Fast and Furious Restraining Order new code smell? Speculative Generality. Speculative Generality 31. A code smell is a surface indication that usually corresponds to a deeper problem in the system. Code that was over-generalized in an attempt to predict future needs. —Martin Fowler. Speculative Generality (Cont’d) 25. If you have, you've violated our next code smell. Speculative Generality; Speculative generality occurs when there is unused code written to support the future needs which never got implemented. Everyone loses in the "what if.." school of design. XP argues that speculative generality is a smell, and that you aren't going to need it. Dead Code. new code smell? Fowler, ... of the operating system that the object is wrapping. PLAY. -Speculative Generality The common thing for the Dispensable smells is that they all represent something unnecessary that should be removed from the source code. Speculative Generality: At times, we over-engineer things like defining a superclass or some code that is not needed currently but we feel it might be useful someday. The cure is of course the better-known YAGNI principle: You Aren't Going to Need It.. NB in that essay, Fowler calls the specific code smell a "presumptive feature". This code smell happens when code is created, but it is not used (or not needed) because we think that “We might need this come day”. That makes sense to me, as implementing an interface adds complexity and, if there is only ever one implementation, one might argue that it adds needless complexity. Collapse Hierarchy Remedy of Speculative Generality 26. Speculative Generality • Making code more general in case it’s needed later • Unused hooks and special cases make code more difficult to understand • Refactorings Brian Foote suggested this name for a smell to which we are very sensitive. All the smells classified in object-oriented abusers result when the concepts of object-oriented paradigm are applied incorrectly. You get it when people say, “Oh, I think we’ll need the ability to do this kind of thing someday” and thus add all sorts of hooks and special cases to handle things that aren’t required. Expert online guidance in Test-Driven Development, User Stories, Refactoring, Code Smells, Design Patterns, Testing Legacy Code ... A False Case of a Switch Statement Smell 82 Maps Instead of Switch Statements ... 86 Speculative Generality Example 87 Speculative Generality Quiz 88 Another Refactoring Smells Quiz . ... speculative generality depends on counting the unused . This code smell can’t be sniffed at the start as it is a result of constant changes and feature additions that make that class fat or large. FW: bad smell code # 5 Divergent Changes; A technic to eliminate select-case structure; technic to eliminate select-case structure - 2; Bad smell in code # 10 Select-case Statment and s... FW: Bad smell in code - Speculative Generality; FW: Bad smell in code - Speculative Generality; FW: Bad smell in code-- Temporary Fields ... then it is a good candidate for Data Class code smell. Smells such as Inappropriate Intimacy, Variable Re-assign, Clones, Middle Man or Speculative Generality require further research to confirm their contribution. Oddball Solution: There should only be one way of solving the same problem in your code. Inappropriate Intimacy One class uses the internal fields and methods of another class. code smell clusters. • Accidental Changes. Feature Envy A method accesses the data of another object more than its own data. Zhang et al. Remove Parameter Remedy of Speculative Generality 28. They don't describe bad programming aesthetics and you can't sniff them out precisely with code metrics. A method that is not used anywhere in the code is known as a speculative generality code smell. A method that is not used anywhere in the code is known as a speculative generality code smell. This code smell is known as speculative generality. Such duplicated code reveals a lack of object-orientation and a missed opportunity to rely on the elegance of polymorphism. Hinders: comprehension, maintenance Speculative Generality. new code smell? Even more interesting, this interface is not exposed outside. Removing code smell is an important task and can be done using automated code review tools. Code Smells are signals that your code should be refactored in order to improve extendability, readability, and supportability. — Refactoring, Martin Fowler and Kent Beck (page 83). Dead Code • Code that is no longer used in a system or related system is Dead Code. Speculative Generality You get this smell when people say "Oh, I think we will need the ability to do that someday" and thus want all sorts of hooks and special cases to handle things that aren't required. 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