Saturated fat: A fat that contains only saturated fatty acids, is solid at room temperature, and comes chiefly from animal food products. [2], Genetic saturation occurs most rapidly on fast evolving sequences, such as the hypervariable region of mitochondrial DNA, or in Short tandem repeat such as on the Y-chromosome. The saturation of color in this photograph is stunning. imaginable degree, area of Biology. In lipids, this gives properties such as being solid at room temperature and being able to pack tightly together with other lipids. Define saturation point. Saturation (chemistry), multiple definitions for chemistry. Saturation coverage definition: news coverage (of an event, etc) that is very thorough in order not to miss any details | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Enzyme saturation occurs when all the enzyme active sites are already occupied by substrate. Top School in Columbia, SC, for IT Degrees. Enzyme Saturation. ” I disagree. Enzyme saturation is a situation whereby the substrate which the enzymes help react is at such a high concentration that the enzyme molecules are... See full answer below. This process is saturable, which means, as the concentration gradient of the substance increases, it will go on increasing until it reaches a point where all the carrier molecules are occupied. Now a saturated solution is a solution where the solvent has dissolved all of a particular solute that it can. Saturated Fatty Acids are holding as many H atoms as possible, due to the lack of double bonds - hence the name saturated. You also have a factory that manufactures thousands of hats. Select a subject to preview related courses: Saturated solutions are an important part of chemistry. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? Alternatively, if a molecule contains double or triple bonds, it is considered to be unsaturated. (of an organic compound) containing no double or triple bonds; having each single bond attached to an atom or group. Equilibrium between Solid Phases and Aqueous Solution. Market saturation occurs when a market no longer shows new demand for a firm's products, due to competition or because the company's offerings are less in demand by consumers. Sufficient substrate presence that a catalytized reaction rate is a function solely of turnover rate. The standard unit of oxygen saturation is percent. Learn about how saturation levels force change, and why we're lucky they do. a point at which some capacity is at its fullest; limit: After a while she reached the saturation point and could absorb nothing more from the lectures. Further increase in substrate concentration does not increase the rate of chemical reaction. Transferrin Definition. Saturation (telecommunications), a number of meanings Saturation arithmetic , in arithmetic, a version of arithmetic in which all operations are limited to fixed range In the earth sciences , saturation generally refers to the water content in the soil, where the unsaturated zone is above the water table and the saturated zone is below. Secondly, increasing pressure can also increase saturation, especially when gases are being dissolved in a liquid. Having no double bond means the fatty acid is straight, and so they can pack closely together (e.g. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. Saturation (biology), in mutation studies, the observed number of mutations relative to the maximum amount possible (usually undefined). and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. solution [so-loo´shun] 1. a homogeneous mixture of one or more substances (solutes) dispersed molecularly in a sufficient quantity of dissolving medium (solvent). In a solution like lemonade, the rate at which the particles move into solution and out of solution are equal and the highest concentration of solute is achieved. Top SVO2 abbreviation related to Biology: venous oxygen saturation See also: saturation pulse. Saturation is also a term used to describe alkyl chains that have the maximum number of carbon and hydrogen bonds. Saturation (chemistry), multiple definitions for chemistry Saturation (color), the intensity of a specific hue Saturation (magnetic), the state when the material cannot absorb a stronger magnetic field Sign up to join this community. Create your account, Already registered? biomedcentral>com 1186 wikia>com wikipedia>org eruptingmind>com whitman>edu~blagovp 1186 wikia>com wikipedia>org eruptingmind>com whitman>edu~blagovp Such Saturation deficit, an index of humidity typically characterized by the difference between the saturation vapour pressure and the actual vapour pressure of a volume of air.The index has the particular utility of being proportional to the evaporation capability of the air. There are several factors that can affect how saturated a solution can be. This stage of maximum velocity of the enzyme … Oxygen saturation is a relative measure of the concentration of oxygen that is dissolved or carried in a given medium as a proportion of the maximal concentration that can be dissolved in that medium. Market saturation occurs when a market no longer shows new demand for a firm's products, due to competition or because the company's offerings are less in demand by consumers. Did you know… We have over 220 college Saturation, in this context, depends on temperature and pressure. Chemistry The point at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution. saturation definition: 1. the act or result of filling a thing or place completely so that no more can be added: 2. the…. Lastly, the physical and chemical properties of both the solute and the solvent affect how much saturation can be achieved. In this lesson we'll be looking at the role of saturation in science. Services. Saturation is a physical and chemical state where a system can take no more. saturation point synonyms, saturation point pronunciation, saturation point translation, English dictionary definition of saturation point. Saturation (color theory), the intensity of a specific hue. It would be an understatement to say that iron is vital for most life-sustaining processes. 1. the act of saturating or the state of being saturated 2. [L. saturo, pp. Reply. Saturation definition is - the act of saturating : the state of being saturated. Saturate also means to cause a substance to combine with as much of another substance as is possible. As the saturation decreases, the colors appear to be more washed-out or pale. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Saturation' auf Duden online nachschlagen. To impregnate to the greatest possible extent. The Color Wheel, Part 3. No more sugar can be dissolved in the water when the lemonade is saturated. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Enzymes are saturated when there is the maximum amount of substrate present, the molecule the enzyme works on. Synonyms for saturation include capacity, concentration, fullness, inundation, satiation, imbibition, impregnation, intensity, interpenetration and permeation. In chemistry, after studying solutions and properties of the solution, one can understand that a solution can reach a status of saturation. You want to keep adding sugar and mixing until no more sugar dissolves to ensure that the lemonade is sweet enough! It is sometimes conveyed in terms of absolute or relative humidity rather than in terms of vapour pressure. For Half Saturation . Saturation is a physical or chemical situation where a system can take no more of a substance. Definition SaO 2 refers to the measurement of oxygen saturation in arterial blood, but SpO 2 refers to the oxygen saturation in the arterial blood as measured by a pulse oximeter. Abbreviation for Oxygen Saturation in Biology. Also “Count up” means “Sum”. Enzymes speed up chemical reactions and allow us to metabolize our food, build new cells and structures, and move important molecules around, such as glucose or ions. Learn more. Similarly in science, when a solution is saturated, it can't dissolve anymore solute and has reached it's highest possible concentration. You might have heard of feeling 'saturated' when talking about a certain topic. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Adding more substrate i)n this case will not increase the overall rate of the reaction (rate is Vmax at saturation -grey dashed line below) 3. Denaturation, in biology, process modifying the molecular structure of a protein. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. What you might not know, is when you create a solution like this, you're actually experiencing saturation. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. Saturated definition, soaked, impregnated, or imbued thoroughly; charged thoroughly or completely; brought to a state of saturation. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? When molecules have a greater temperature, they are able to move faster and spread out more and thus more solute can be dissolved. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The term saturation is generally a term used for additive color meaning light emitted color such as a computer monitor or television.. Information and translations of saturation in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Several conditions affect saturation of solutions, including temperature, pressure and the chemical properties of the solute and solvent. Requirements. (Chemistry) chem the state of a chemical compound, solution, or vapour when it is saturated 3. For example, non-polar solutes, such as lipids do not dissolve well in polar solutions like water. (of a solution) containing the maximum amount of solute capable of being dissolved under given conditions. For the saturation time, the values remained within the range from 6.5 to 163.9 min, and the highest value was obtained for the hybrid GSS 41499 (Table 1 and Figure 2). Transferrin has become an important biomarker for good health in the clinical setting, as it can reveal if a patient has functional iron depletion. just create an account. [1] In phylogenetics, saturation effects result in long branch attraction, where the most distant lineages have misleadingly short branch lengths. This means that the enzyme is working at maximum speed. Definition of saturation in the Definitions.net dictionary. Saturation can also be used to describe alkyl chains. See more. Biology Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for biology researchers, academics, and students. Saturated Definition #2 . Salt Saturation Test- Definition, Principle, Procedure, Result, Uses. Filling of all available sites on an enzyme molecule by its substrate, or on a hemoglobin molecule by oxygen (symbol S O2) or carbon monoxide (symbol S CO). A saturated solution is a chemical solution containing the maximum concentration of a solute dissolved in the solvent. In those with chronic conditions affecting their lungs, blood, and circulation, regularly tracking your O2 sat levels via pulse oximetry can be useful. The Kinetic Molecular Theory: Properties of Solids and Liquids, Quiz & Worksheet - Function of Saturation, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, The Octet Rule and Lewis Structures of Atoms, Ions: Predicting Formation, Charge, and Formulas of Ions, Ionic Compounds: Formation, Lattice Energy and Properties, Naming Ionic Compounds: Simple Binary, Transition Metal & Polyatomic Ion Compounds, Covalent Compounds: Properties, Naming & Formation, Lewis Structures: Single, Double & Triple Bonds, Covalent Bonds: Predicting Bond Polarity and Ionic Character, Dipoles & Dipole Moments: Molecule Polarity, Hydrogen Bonding, Dipole-Dipole & Ion-Dipole Forces: Strong Intermolecular Forces, London Dispersion Forces (Van Der Waals Forces): Weak Intermolecular Forces, Using Orbital Hybridization and Valence Bond Theory to Predict Molecular Shape, Molecular Orbital Theory: Tutorial and Diagrams, Metallic Bonding: The Electron-Sea Model & Why Metals Are Good Electrical Conductors, Intramolecular Bonding and Identification of Organic and Inorganic Macromolecules, Biological and Biomedical [3][4], "Resolving difficult phylogenetic questions: why more sequences are not enough", "Characterizing the time dependency of human mitochondrial DNA mutation rate estimates", "Time dependency of molecular rate estimates and systematic overestimation of recent divergence times", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Saturation_(genetic)&oldid=951066479, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 April 2020, at 09:06. How to use saturated in a sentence. It also decreases phylogenetic information contained in the sequences. These are long chains of carbon and hydrogen atoms and often make up the biological molecule lipids, also known as fats. One important characteristic that is associated with facilitated diffusion is saturation. Skip to main content. 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In phylogenetics, saturation effects result in long branch attraction, where the most distant lineages have misleadingly short branch lengths. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Full Saturation. In this context, saturated refers to a point of maximum concentration, in which no more solute may be dissolved in a solvent. It only takes a minute to sign up. Need to abbreviate Oxygen Saturation in Biology? It can be measured with a dissolved oxygen probe such as an oxygen sensor or an optode in liquid media, usually water. This tight structures results in these lipids being soild, or fats. • Oxygen saturation, a clinical measure of the amount of oxygen in a patient's blood Saturation definition: Saturation is the process or state that occurs when a place or thing is filled completely... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Saturation kinetics describes any reaction or process that has a limiting factor. Is a PhD in Mechanical Engineering Worth It? The most important factors are: Oxygen saturation is a measure of the amount of hemoglobin that is bound to molecular oxygen at a given time point. What does SVO2 stand for in Biology? Addition of solute after this point would result in a solid precipitate or gas being released. -atus, to fill, fr. Enzymes in biological systems can also become saturated with the substrate, the molecule they work on. 2. Ask Question Asked 3 years, 3 months ago. 2. in pharmacology, a liquid preparation of one or more soluble chemical substances, which are usually dissolved in water. So, since changing white balance moves the blues and reds closer or farther away, hopefully you can see why it changes saturation. But the concept of saturation is also important in several different areas of science, and we're going to look at a few examples here. How to use saturated in a sentence. The definition of maximum saturation is when one RGB value is at zero, and another is at 255 (the third can be anywhere in between, simply affecting which color is at maximum saturation). A variety of processes can result in quenching, such as excited state reactions, energy transfer, complex-formation and collisional quenching. Oxygen saturation is a helpful metric in determining how efficiently your body can exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide, which can be helpful in assessing how certain therapies are performing when you have a specific condition, such as COPD. Color saturation refers to the intensity of color in an image. When we open the can we disrupt the equilibrium and the carbon dioxide rises to the surface and diffuses into the atmosphere. As a consequence, quenching is often heavily dependent on pressure and temperature.Molecular oxygen, iodide ions and acrylamide are common chemical … To dissolve a substance up to that concentration beyond which the addition of more results in two phases. Anybody can ask a question Anybody can answer The best answers are voted up and rise to the top Home Questions Tags Users Unanswered Understanding Enzyme saturation curve. (Chemistry) (of a solution or solvent) containing the maximum amount of solute that can normally be dissolved at a given temperature and pressure. figurative (fullness) μεταφορικά) κορεσμός ουσ αρσ ουσιαστικό αρσενικό: Αναφέρεται σε πρόσωπο, ζώο ή πράγμα αρσενικού γένους. n. 1. Oxygen saturation, a clinical measure of the amount of oxygen in a patient's blood; Saturation pollination, a pollination technique; Saturated mutagenesis, a form of site-directed mutagenesis; Saturation (genetic), the observed number of mutations relative to the maximum amount possible Ocean saturation, more than 2.3 billion years ago: see "Great Oxygenation Event" Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. After you mix the lemon juice and the water, it's essential to add enough sugar. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Denaturation involves the breaking of many of the weak linkages, or bonds (e.g., hydrogen bonds), within a protein molecule that are responsible for the highly ordered structure of the protein in its natural state. We already looked at one example of a saturation, the sugar dissolving in our lemonade. The point where all the active sites in an enzyme are completely occupied by substrate molecules is meant by saturation of enzymes. Transferrin has become an important biomarker for good health in the clinical setting, as it can reveal if a patient has functional iron depletion. When a hydrocarbon chain like this is saturated, it means that all of the available carbon atoms have bonds with hydrogen atoms. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal 2. Firstly, saturated fatty acids are where all the carbon atoms have single bonds between them making the lipid saturated as no more hydrogens can be added. When you fish out a slice of bread that’s fallen into your water glass and find it’s disgustingly spongy and waterlogged, it’s saturated. The cells in our bodies are in constant flux through the processes of osmosis and diffusion. rork . Log in here for access. Here, we'll talk about the definition of saturation and the importance of it, including its function and effects. This chemistry definition refers to a saturated compound. Saturation occurs in many different areas of science. This definition refers to a saturated solution. 5. The carbon dioxide is a saturated solution in the soda. A saturated substance is one in which the atoms are linked by single bonds. You might say, 'Oh, mom I'm saturated on this, let's go to lunch!' Principle of Salt Saturation Test. Visit the AP Chemistry: Homework Help Resource page to learn more. Anyone can earn Saturation Kinetics- an enzyme reaction in which there is enough enzymes to constantly have a substrate bound them and therefore the reaction is occurring at Vmax. All rights reserved. Biology SVO2 abbreviation meaning defined here. Saturation (magnetic), the state when the material cannot absorb a stronger magnetic field. Measuring SaO 2 can be measured by blood gas analysis, while SpO 2 refers … saturation n noun: Refers to person, place, thing, quality, etc. noun the point at which a substance will receive no more of another substance in solution, chemical combination, etc. November 26, 2020 by Anupama Sapkota. Saturated definition is - full of moisture : made thoroughly wet. June 13, 2018 at 5:44 pm “Thus, if the RPKM for gene A in Sample 1 is 3.33 and the RPKM in Sample 2 is 3.33, I would not know if the same proportion of reads in Sample 1 mapped to gene A as in Sample 2. Enzyme Substrate-Reactions. For names of specific solutions, see under the name. Create an account to start this course today. Oxygen saturation is a helpful metric in determining how efficiently your body can exchange oxygen for carbon dioxide, which can be helpful in assessing how certain therapies are performing when you have a specific condition, such as COPD.