Spirituality in Clinical Practice: Incorporating the Spiritual Dimension in Psychotherapy and Counseling, Teaching residents about religion and spirituality, The neuropsychology of spiritual experience, William James' The Varieties of Religious Experience Revisited, Humanizing an Inhumane World: The Role of Transpersonal Humanism, Psychology, Religion, and the Nature of the Soul, Hypnosis and Transpersonal Psychology: Answering the Call Within. The future directions for future research have been stated at the end. Considering obstacles to this connection between psychology and spirituality, Jorge Ferrer (2002) assigned the primary problem to be psychology’s commitment to the sovereignty of the isolated Cartesian individual ego, which observes the world from a detached position. This relationship along with a severe cardiac condition contributed to James' taking on and carrying through with his exploration of, Humanistic psychology and transpersonal psychology (or a "transpersonal humanism") can aid the Humanistic Project of humanizing an inhumane human cultural world by helping individuals unlearn the limited and limiting ideas and beliefs ("double-binds") communicated by the physical and natural sciences, medicine, religion, and psychology that undermine the private integrity of individuals and, Neither a book about the psychology of spirituality nor America’s ongoing turf wars between religion and science, Psychology, Religion, and the Nature of the Soul takes to task many of the presumed relationships between the two—from sharing common concerns to diametrically hostile opposites—to analyze the myriad functions religion and psychology play in our understanding of the human life and, This chapter explains the historical examination of hypnosis that highlights its relationship to the fields of consciousness studies, mind-body medicine, parapsychology, and transpersonal psychology. Ƽ��:pij4�je*��f�PŖp�yA�#����lk�47{�vf`�e ��-�10� i`|�0������|� ˓��z�O@d` dcT: source. © 2018 International Journal of Transpersonal Studies. Including two new essays and thorough revisions of most of the original chapters, it constitutes a radical assessment of his legacy. Whatever the reason for this rising interest, it has become increasingly clear that a culturally attentive psychology must make the distinction that spirituality is a Thurstone’s Multiple Factor Theory 5. The volume includes a full chronology of Jung's life and work, extensively revised and up to date bibliographies, a case study and a glossary. %%EOF Transpersonal psychology is a field or school of thought in psychology centered on the spiritual aspects of human life. This article provides an overview of Sri Aurobindo’s Integral Yoga Psychology (IYP), with a focus on relevance to clinical practice. This is the easiest and sweetest mode of the spiritual path. ... 1,2 Although there exists an incredibly wide range of meditative practices and philosophies in the context of numerous spiritual traditions, the majority emphasize cultivating such a perceptual shift away from a predominate ego self-identification. Psychology represents the "grounding" effect, in which the mind is used for thinking, rationalizing, and understanding life. 0000000016 00000 n ADVERTISEMENTS: List of popular theories of psychology: 1. spirituality as "an emerging fifth force in counseling and psychotherapy" (Stanard, Sandhu, & Painter, 2000, p. 6). South Med J 1988;81:826. I also review religious- and ethics and values-based leadership theories that emphasize that A phenomenological analysis reveals that the two practices are similar in kind, if not in intensity, along two dimensions: (a) intermittent emotional discharges involving the subjective sensation of awe, peace, tranquillity, or ecstasy; and (b) varying degrees of unitary experience correlating with the emotional discharges. Some theories, for example, have cen-tered on ego development, autonomy, and self-awareness as they affect and are affected by rela-tionships to others (Conn, 1993; Fowler, 1981, 1994). mental health; It helps clients feel well and guides choices made throughout life. Resort setting. By: Antonio B. Acabal,MBA Spirituality in layman term is simply the study of existence of God’s creation of unseen world division of both good and bad spirits. Issues of spirituality are increasingly covered in the mass media, a development which reflects increased interest in spirituality in the general world tions for spirituality. endstream endobj 553 0 obj <>/Size 528/Type/XRef>>stream What is the potential role of intuition in disciplines such as education? 0000004919 00000 n • The authenticity of religious experience. 0000006510 00000 n Piaget Theory of Development 2. The terms Atheist and Agnostic are generally used interchangeably (Galen, 2009), which we do in this paper, even though their constructs differ. it. Hypnosis may also be of critical assistance in future studies of the nature of mind using methods of neuroscience and neurophenomenology; from a transpersonal perspective it can be anticipated that such combined efforts might reach similar perspectives as the ancient wisdom teachings of many mystical traditions such as Dzogchen and Tibetan Buddhism. National surveys have consistently revealed that many Americans have religious beliefs and engage in religious practices. This force goes beyond space and time f Spirituality offers a sense of connectedness intrapersonally (connected within oneself) Interpersonally (connected with others and the environment) and Transpers… theists can make the latter statements and mean them. Finally, a range of real-world issues are discussed, including cross-cultural considerations, the structure of healthcare systems, the stigma of mental illness, and psychopharmacology. Devotional. 0000001988 00000 n It is important for clinicians to be sensitive and knowledgeable regarding spiritual and philosophical beliefs. Religion is an organized system of beliefs, practices, and rituals designed to facilitate closeness to the sacred or transcendent—whether that be God, a higher power, ultimate truth, or ultimate reality—and to foster an understanding of one's relationship and responsibility to others in living together in a community. startxref The constructive nature of impulses and the psychology of religious terrorism are examined in light of this Humanistic Project. Theory application & integration with practice are demonstrated. It is an indispensable reference tool for both students and specialists, written by an international team of Jungian analysts and scholars from various disciplines. 0000000656 00000 n As to interpret the personality structure in terms of dynamic aspect of it. 0000008461 00000 n The views of James, Jung, and Freud are reviewed, and the contributions of humanistic psychology noted. The study compared the effects of participation in an intensive 6-day Ayurveda-based mind-body program that addressed physical, emotional, and spiritual domains as compared with a control condition. 3 The Model Individuals are randomly paired to play a one-shot … 0000002376 00000 n This second edition represents a wide-ranging critical introduction to the psychology of Carl Jung, one of the founders of psychoanalysis. The findings have significant implications to unearth the relationship between spiritual beliefs and quality of life of the patients suffering from chronic disease. He references a stunning variety of texts (from Freud and Allport to Karen Armstrong and Paul Tillich) reflecting the evolution of these ideas over the decades, to emphasize both the complexity of the issues and the enduring lack of easy answers. psychology, philosophy or self-help techniques. There is a growing interest in changing lifestyle patterns and the use of spiritual tools as a corrective measure for self-evolution. A review of how to stimulate and assess spiritual development is also included. The four primary paradigms taught within the hypnosis community are. Participants were 69 healthy women and men (mean age 53.9 years; range 32-86). In PSIT, spirituality is defined as a subjective experience of the sacred however the individual apprehends it [41]. In 1981, James Fowler published Stages of Faith: The Psychology of Human Development and the Quest for Meaning. theories of spirituality in psychology pdf Posted 13 hours ago in Uncategorised 1 Accommodation means existing structures change to accommodate to the new information. for mental health clinicians to gain competency in thinking, nomenological studies of consciousness that decline to com-. 1980). • Religion and personality. Therefore this paper embeds intuition in the domain of spirituality for understanding entrepreneurs’ use of intuition. Pursuing the endeavour to develop an in depth understanding into the nature and dynamics of spirituality will constitute an important contribution to the disciplines of health and psychology. The term "atheism" designates a lack of belief in a god(s) (Smith, 1979;Bramlett, 2012); whereas, "agnostic" refers to a lack of knowledge about god(s), This essay addresses the familial, religious, and cultural context for the writing and presentation of William James' classic work The Varieties of Religious Experience. The essay emphasizes the importance of the impact of Henry James, Senior, upon his son. Succinctly stated, faith "has to do with the making, maintenance, and transformation of human meaning" (Fowler, 1986b, p. 15). Thus, health status, spiritual beliefs and gender of the participants were observed to play crucial role in shaping the quality of life of the participants. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000005836 00000 n An increased interest in the effects of religion and spirituality on health is apparent in the psychological and medical literature. ��9�7�jc�3PR`��!��I���a�G�B>�^L�O��v���G�V���'����h~HX��*Ry��2�3��U�����&�Es�J���1rZ2� �!�]#Z�t�屨��s���oU�sl�D�lFa�&– ���:@$P+�~*�a`fz�ŁXl�4��C���y��� All rights reserved. T. this problem, consider the following clinical scenarios: tentially valid]. For understanding the concept of intuition a philosophical base has been followed, inspired by the teachings of Sri Aurobindo on types of knowledge and levels of consciousness. In an effort to contribute to this area of study, the authors investigated the relationship between multitype childhood maltreatment and adult spirituality and compared three established methods of assessing the these effects to investigate the degree to which a researcher’s choice of method might affect their findings. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2000, 518 pp., ISBN 1-557-98624-X. The use of intuition is somewhat subjective as it stems not from the analytical mind, nor the subconscious mind, but from higher consciousness. Subjects: Surveys were completed by 254 university students that included data on childhood maltreatment and current spirituality. 0000004669 00000 n In addition, the authors report their findings on the unique effects of five types of childhood maltreatment on adult spirituality. 4 Because both the These findings have significant implications for health professionals, psychologists and laymen. 0000002349 00000 n Aurobindo Ashram Trust, 1970 [originally published 1958]. Religion since the beginning has acquired an indomitable space in the Indian subcontinent as it served as a psychological anchor to the tormented Indian mind, which was amidst poverty and a struggle for freedom. A/A teachers are likely to feel isolated and marginalized, which are key factors in teachers leaving the profession. Thematic analysis and grounded theory were used to analyze interview data.Results: The qualitative analysis identified four phases of coping with breast cancer. 0000001468 00000 n A recent article by Bartz (2009) in a journal published by the American Psychological Association is a clear 1. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. quality of life; This article explores the underlying assumptions and history as well as the state of current The lack of models and theories for addressing spirituality in human develop- ment, after decades of life span development theory that did not include the spiritual, has created a need to identify and describe what constitutes spiritual development. Faith, Spirituality, Religion Model 105 . Graham Richards takes the historical and philosophical long view in these rigorous and readable essays, which trace three long-running and potentially outmoded threads: that psychology and religion are irrelevant to each other, that they are complementary and should collaborate, and that one will eventually replace the other. Setting: It examines some of the major clinical traditions in existence today and looks to their relevance from a transpersonal perspective. The findings suggest the need for further study regarding the effects of experiencing multiple types of childhood maltreatment, the most accurate methods of assessing those effects on survivors, and the relationship between multitype maltreatment and spirituality. endstream endobj 529 0 obj <>/Outlines 51 0 R/Metadata 72 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 69 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/OCGs[530 0 R]>>/StructTreeRoot 74 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20100311231620)/PageLabels 67 0 R>> endobj 530 0 obj <. A Spiritual Strategy for Counseling and Psychotherapy, Second Edition shows mental health professionals how to deal sensitively with clients whose spirituality or religion is an important part of their lives. Pritt (1998) described this aspect of the individual as the Binner core,^while, ... Only those participants were allowed to take part in the study that were diagnosed with cancer for at least 6 months before and suffering with no other known there is dearth of research efforts with the objective to explain the true nature and extent of the relationship between spirituality and quality of life of the people either suffering from chronic disease or possessing normal health even in India that is labelled as the spiritual leader of the world. Download it Psychological Theories Of Religion books also available in PDF, EPUB, and Mobi Format for read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. 0000004591 00000 n Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality is designed as a text that reflects this history while illuminating the robust dialogue that continues to … This is a major characteristic of contemporary Western society and literature, and one which the church, for the most part, has yet to address. A significant group by time interaction (p = 0.029) indicated that after the intervention, participants in the mind-body program showed a significant increase in NETI scores (p < 0.03), which was sustained 1 month later (p < 0.01). • The original dichotomy: mythos versus logos. 0000000852 00000 n Mystical Spirituality . The second section discusses some important issues regarding the development of spirituality. Faith development is new to the psychology of religion (Nipkow, Schweitzer, & Fowler, 1991). as a radio or television transmits an invisible signal. Finally, a brief clinical vignette is given. Design and intervention: Sri Aurobindo's work is introduced as a modern Asian perspective on theistic psychology, and his model of the relationship between the "soul" and the unconscious described. This article outlines the philosophical background to spiritual psychology and selectively reviews Western and Eastern literature on the subject. xref Yet there is an error in logic here, for correlation does not imply causation and science cannot prove that matter is the only reality, nor that supraphysical planes of consciousness do not exist. 0000007837 00000 n Findings suggest the presence of a dose response between multitype childhood maltreatment and adult spirituality and that the researcher’s assessment method choice can affect findings of the research. This brief history suggests tensions and commitments that continue both to unite and to … That's why, David Elkins argues, psychotherapy still has a thing or two to learn from religion. This definition of faith naturally leads to a discussion of faith development. Spirituality Behind the quest for spirituality lies a growing need for passion and depth in our lives. The psy-chology of religion and spirituality enters into di alog with pastoral psychology, empirical theology, and the theology of spiritualit y (McLean, 2013; Piedmont & Village, 2011). Psychology and spirituality could be described as “feet on the ground, head in the sky”. This chapter explores the neuropsychology of religious and spiritual experience. The collective work in The Positive Psychology of Meaning and Spirituality pulls together papers and conferences relevant to spirituality and science. 528 27 The role of spirituality and religion in the workplace (SRW) is a relatively new area of inquiry that has emerged from scholarly fields not typically associated with the study of the psychology of religion and spirituality. Where do the fields of spirituality and entrepreneurship meet? beginnings of modern psychology to the mid-20th century, from analytic to existential theoretical orientations, and from non-theistic (Jung) to overtly theistic (Kunkel) worldviews. The Constitutional Theory (Sheldon). religion and spirituality, and, drawing from the works of Horton (1950) and Smith (1992), introduce a generic definition of God as a higher power and a continuum upon which atheistic, humanistic, theistic, and pantheistic definitions of God can be placed. Religion includes not only attendance at religious services and involvement in religious community activities involving scripture study or prayer, but also private personal religious practices such as prayer, meditation, study of scriptures, reading inspirational literature, and private worship. <<5F13B36CCC8E8E44B6482E2B43ADDBBB>]>> What do people know about their intuition? Although religion in particular was thought, in the past, to have a predominantly negative influence on health, recent research suggests this relationship is more complex. Review of book, P. Scott Richards and Allen E. Bergin (Au.) Notably different from the distribution of Silver’s national sample of nonbelievers, the nonreligious PSTs were much less engaged in their nonbelief and were more willing to comply with religious activities. • The problematic role of prayer. Research in hypnosis continues to be on the leading edge of discoveries that challenge conventional understandings of human nature and human potential. Such expressions leads us to the exploration of the concept of intuition in the field of spirituality as this field addresses the inner aspects of our mind. 554 0 obj <>stream the psychoanalytic, Ericksonian, socio-cognitive, and health/medical approaches. PDF | On Oct 10, 2007, Janek Musek published The theories of religion and spirituality in psychology and cognitive sciences. Semi-structured interviews and participant self-analyses served as data sources, which were used to categorize the PSTs into Silver’s (2013) typology of nonbelief. 0000009131 00000 n It examines the following questions. The mean score of spiritual beliefs of clinical participants was significantly higher as compared to the normal healthy participants whereas the mean score of quality of life of the normal healthy participants was higher as compared to the clinical participants. 0000003296 00000 n Also ideal for students and scholars, this book provides helpful background and insight into the history and philosophy of science and psychology, the world religions, the practice of psychotherapy, and the process of research and scientific discovery.