These studies indicated that the nutritive value of brome–fescue hay was highest, followed by Kentucky bluegrass and sedge hays, and then oat straw. Kentucky bluegrass really excels in climates where the average daily July temperature does not exceed 75 degrees and where the air is humid. It turns green again as days become short and cool. It can be used to stabilize banks, pond edges, and field borders, and it is a good grass cover in orchards. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. Kentucky bluegrass is capable of forming dense mats thanks to its abundant rhizomes, tough stems that grow horizontally under the ground. Only three forage-type Kentucky bluegrass varieties, 'Park', 'Troy', and 'Ginger', have been released in the past 45 years. Quality declines significantly as … Thank you! 3 FIGURE 1. Kentucky bluegrass-white clover pastures can be maintained indefinitely and their forage quality improved by applying lime and fertilizers according to soil test recommendations. Bluegrass We produce quality horse feeds so our customers can reach their potential in their chosen equine discipline. Find KFC nutrition facts including a full KFC nutrition guide, nutrition calculator, ingredients, and info about food allergies and sensitivities. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. When not pursuing hobbies ranging from music to cooking to birdwatching, she can usually be found researching, writing, or living out the country dream. In Kansas, the best time to plant is September, as the soil will be cooling off and the weeds will be less competitive than in the spring. These diseases rarely affect plant persistence, but may reduce yield and quality. Each leaf arises from a sheath with large veins. Filed Under: The Sunflower State Tagged With: Lawns, Livestock, Nature, Pastures, Plant Health, Soil, Stewardship. An additional application of 120 pounds of nitrogen per acre increased beef production by an additional 39 percent. Excessive defoliation often leads to shallow rooting, an open sod, and weed invasion. % Ca:P Ratio Alfalfa ---- All 90 16 1.28 0.24 0.3 5.3:1 Alfalfa - … Adult Japanese beetle, May beetle, green June beetle, northern masked chafer, and European chafer lay eggs in thin, overgrazed bluegrass pastures, and the larvae then feed on bluegrass roots and rhizomes. However, Kentucky bluegrass generally appears in these fields, coming from seed or rhizomes in the soil, particularly if the field was previously a pasture. Copyright © 2013–2020 All rights reserved. And another that is mainly annual ryegrass with some radishes. It has been used for lawns, athletic fields, golf course Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. This can be accomplished with frost seeding by seeding into a field with a thin stand of existing plants or where the pasture was grazed "into the ground" the previous fall. Without this treatment, Kentucky bluegrass sod will, . In Kentucky tests over 5 years, beef steers gained 1.19 and 1.24 lb/day grazing bluegrass-ladino clover and bluegrass-alfalfa, respectively. Kentucky bluegrass can be invasive in cool, wet climates. Exceptions to this trend occur at higher elevations and latitudes where temperatures and rainfall are not limiting. Generally, turf clippings contain 6-7% nitrogen, 0.5 to 1.0% phosphorous and 2-4% potassium; when returned to the lawn, they can account for a fourth of the lawn's fertilizer applications each year. Most of the seeds, therefore, are clones of the mother plant. Its seeds feed many different songbirds and rodents. Its pH preference is 6.0 to 7.0. We work with riders, owners and trainers and use the latest nutritional research and technology to produce feeds which will help you achieve optimum performance. The rhizomes of bluegrass typically grow two to four inches beneath the surface of the soil, but sometimes deeper. This is unlikely to be a serious problem in any part of Kansas. It also puts out rhizomes with amazing rapidity, and can spread through additional shoots known as tillers. Once the stand is established, it can be grazed in the early spring as soon as the grass reaches five inches tall. Therefore, it is widely considered to be the most important lawn grass in the United States. Very few fields in the Northeast are sown with Kentucky bluegrass seed. After this establishment period, Kentucky bluegrass should require irrigation only weekly and only in hot weather. In … All types of fescue have wider blades, thus producing a coarser turf. Quality and palatability declines when Kentucky bluegrass matures. In addition, grazing days per year and animal gains per acre are generally less on Kentucky bluegrass than on other cool-season, tall-growing grasses. Plant into either a tilled or a no-till seedbed with adequate fertility and an optimal pH value, no deeper than 1/4 inch. Kentucky bluegrass is not a native of the United States, but rather Europe, northern Asia, and some of the mountainous areas of Algeria and Morocco. It takes off quickly in early spring and grows aggressively while the weather is cool, starting from the previous year’s roots and continuing with a fresh new crop of roots. The stems are slightly flattened in shape. Prepared by Marvin H. Hall, associate professor of agronomy. But there is a … Poa pratensis, commonly known as Kentucky bluegrass (or blue grass), smooth meadow-grass, or common meadow-grass, is a perennial species of grass native to practically all of Europe, North Asia and the mountains of Algeria and Morocco. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis) receives its name from its blue inflorescence, an open, branching, pyramid-shaped structure known as a panicle. Equine nutrition is a It does well in open woods and meadows, as well as sites where the soil has been disturbed, such as tilled fields and overgrazed pastures. It hosts May, June, and Japanese beetle grubs, while it provides forage to deer, turkey, and rabbits. This ability makes Kentucky bluegrass an ideal species for permanent pastures that are continuously grazed. The ratio of Kentucky bluegrass and white clover in a pasture is strongly influenced by grazing management. Kentucky bluegrass is susceptible to many of the same diseases as other cool-season forage grasses. The tall-growing grasses typically thin over time and require reseeding, while the Kentucky bluegrass will persist indefinitely. In hilly areas, grazing of Kentucky bluegrass should begin on south-facing slopes that warm first and begin growth early in the spring. Where abundant, Kentucky bluegrass is Calories in Kentucky Fried Chicken based on the calories, fat, protein, carbs and other nutrition information submitted for Kentucky Fried Chicken. Tall-growing grasses such as orchardgrass, timothy, smooth bromegrass, or tall fescue also may be included in a pasture seeding mixture with Kentucky bluegrass where hay or silage harvests will be made each year before grazing begins. Other forages Most D tillers form in The relative nutritive value of Kentucky bluegrass, timothy, brome grass, orchard grass, and alfalfa. Always leave a stubble of about two inches to prevent subsequent weed invasion. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Kentucky bluegrass. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. Applying approximately 25 pounds per acre of nitrogen fertilizer to Kentucky bluegrass in early spring before green-up will stimulate growth and generally allow grazing to begin earlier. Motivated by her experience growing up on a small farm near Wichita, Kansas, Michelle Lindsey started Homestead on the Range to supply Kansas country living enthusiasts with the innovative resources that they need to succeed and has now been keeping families informed and inspired for over five years. Late in the fall, the growth slows down and carbohydrates are stored in the abundance of new rhizomes to provide the nutrients needed to start all over again in the spring. Kentucky bluegrass prefers full sun, but will tolerate some shade. It often reproduces asexually by forming seeds in the ovary wall of the flower. Under conditions of high temperatures, limited rain fall, or low soil fertility, the amount of Kentucky bluegrass in a pasture will decline, allowing undesirable weed species to invade. Kentucky bluegrass's nitrogen requirements and low summer production make it ideal for seeding with a legume such as white clover at 4 pounds per acre, red clover at 6 pounds per acre, or birdsfoot trefoil at 8 pounds per acre. It spreads via rhizomes to form a dense sod and grows best during cool, moist weather on well-drained, fertile soils with a pH between 6 and 7 (Table 1). Forage and Grazinglands doi: 10.1094/FG‐2011‐1228‐01‐RS. Each spikelet has three to six flowers capable of producing abundant awnless seed. Mow whenever the grass reaches three inches tall to bring it back down to a height of two inches (never lower than this, or the plants will be damaged and become more susceptible to disease). Kentucky bluegrass, or Poa pratensis, is neither blue, nor did it originate in Kentucky, at least not the varieties that most are familiar with. % Magnes. Want to use it in a meal plan? SITMMARY A 3-year study was made to determine the nutritional value of four grasses-- Lincoln bromegrass, orchard grass, Kentncky 31 fescue, and Kentucky bluegrass for lactating dairy cows. phases of Kentucky bluegrass management. The state of Kentucky lays claim to the nickname “Bluegrass State," but Kentucky bluegrass didn't originate there. The waving branches bear spikelets on their ends. Kentucky Bluegrass Production By John D. Holman and Donn Thill INTRODUCTION The production of Kentucky bluegrass in northern Idaho began during the 1950’s with approximately 10,000 acres and has since grown to 70,000 Take a good look at the veins of the leaf for an interesting characteristic of Kentucky bluegrass—along the keel are two oddly transparent veins sometimes compared to racing stripes. Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) is a short-to-medium height, cool-season, long-lived, highly palatable, perennial grass that has smooth, soft, green to dark green leaves with boat-shaped tips. Kentucky bluegrass pastures often are undergrazed in the spring, which results in an accumulation of mature, low-quality forage. Managers should use high stocking densities early in the growing season when Kentucky bluegrass is most productive or should harvest excess growth as hay or silage. Nutritional Value for the Landscape Processing lawn clippings and tree leaves into the lawn provides nutritional value as well as reduces waste. Although Kentucky bluegrass is found throughout the United States, it is most important agriculturally in the north central and northeastern regions and is best adapted to areas where the average daily temperature during July does not exceed 75°F. This species is a cool-season perennial. Its growth slows during the warm summer months. Parts of a Grass Plant: A Glossary Cottontail rabbit, wild turkey, and prairie chickens consume the leaves and seeds of Kentucky bluegrass. In pastures, grazing should begin when grass is about 5 inches tall and should not be grazed shorter than 1-1/2 to 2 inches. To obtain a proper seeding depth, the seedbed should be firm. The various varieties of fescue used in lawns may present some identification challenges at first glance. During this second period of growth, the plant focuses on putting out more rhizomes, spreading itself to collect solar energy. Damage is most severe and recovery slowest during dry years. It provides excellent nutrition to horses, cattle, and sheep when the weather is cool, although its production is limited when the temperatures rise. D tillers can develop anytime of the year, when resources— water and nutrients—are available. Guinea Lynx' HAY CHART All Hay Sun-cured Values in % or Ratio Dry Matter % Crude Protein % Calcium % Phosph. Palatability/Nutritional Value: Kentucky bluegrass has an average total digestible nutrient (TDN) level of 67% and crude protein level of 12% in the vegetative state. She is also a serious student of history, specializing in Kansas, agriculture, and the American West. No content on this site may be reproduced in any way without prior written permission. Kentucky bluegrass can be found growing wild across all of Kansas in a variety of sites. By using this site you are agreeing to our terms of use. Once the flowering process is completed and the summer grows hot and dry, Kentucky bluegrass protects itself from drought damage by going dormant. Consequently, proper management during the early growing season is essential to maximize production potential. Average annual liveweight gains for the two systems were 446 and 536 lb/A. The leaves vary in length from 2 to 10 inches and average 1/4 inch in width. 1961, 1964, Hughes et al. Kentucky bluegrass flowers from May through July. As growth of Kentucky bluegrass declines in midsummer, livestock production on these pastures also is reduced, particularly during a dry growing season. Since that time, Kentucky bluegrass has made itself a desirable source of food and shelter to many different animals, ranging from insects to grazing mammals. However, heavy stocking densities and continuous overgrazing (frequently the case in sheep and horse pastures), especially in midsummer when grass growth has slowed, will weaken Kentucky bluegrass and increase weed invasion. A bluegrass plant ranges from 18 to 24 inches in height and is characterized by slender, upright stems. It arrived on our shores with settlers during the colonial period, and it spread across the nation with the pioneers. Calories, carbs, fat, protein, fiber, cholesterol, and more for Kentucky, Bluegrass , regular (Smashburger). Kentucky bluegrass productivity is increased substantially with proper pasture rotation and rest. If the soil test calls for large amounts of nutrients, they should be applied prior to seeding and incorporated into the seedbed. Pastures composed of Kentucky bluegrass mixed with legumes also have higher nutritional values than pure grass pastures (Table 2). Remember that nitrogen application will increase the grass's competitiveness at the expense of clover and weeds in the stand. Reduce the stocking density later in the grazing season as grass growth slows. Online. The type and amount of maintenance bluegrass will require in this role will depend on the specific application. In addition, the dense sod formed by Kentucky bluegrass rhizomes make it ideal for erosion control, particularly in grass waterways. Cited by View all 1 citing articles However, those in other parts of eastern Kansas who are fortunate enough to have loam soil should be able to grow Kentucky bluegrass, as well. The lime and fertilizer needs of Kentucky bluegrass should be determined by soil testing. The forage value of Kentucky bluegrass is well known across the nation. Kentucky bluegrass is a cool-season grass that grows best during the fall, winter, and spring months when temperatures are cool. This species is used widely throughout the U.S. where it is well adapted, but it has a poor summer performance in California in areas with warm to hot temperatures. Consequently, tall-growing grasses will thin under abusive management while Kentucky bluegrass volunteers and thickens, providing high-quality forage and protection from soil erosion. In addition, nitrogen fertilizer favors the Kentucky bluegrass component of the pasture and may be used to manipulate the clover to grass ratio. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. 1992, Alshammary et al Turf-type varieties of Kentucky bluegrass need dethatching to remain productive and, in general, also require greater amounts of nitrogen fertilization and more extensive irrigation systems than forage-type varieties. Broadcast seed at a rate of two to three pounds per 1,000 square feet. 1975, Harivandi et al. 1 Its first use in the U.S. came as a pasture grass in states like Kentucky, where it still covers the state's gently rolling hills. Kentucky bluegrass tiller type (F 1, F 2, C) is dependent on its date of emergence from a D tiller bud. Do not plant deeper than ¼ inch when seeding. Warm summer temperatures are the most limiting environmental factor to Kentucky bluegrass production. Before planting, ensure that your lawn seed gets off to a good start by tilling in high-quality organic matter such as compost at a rate of three to six cubic yards per 1,000 square feet of lawn. The soil must be well drained and medium in texture—Kentucky bluegrass cannot tolerate compacted clay. The slow establishment is primarily a result of slow (approximately 14 days) germination. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement. Kentucky Bluegrass grows best on heavier soils with a pH above 6. As Kentucky bluegrass abundance increases, rangeland forage production shifts to an earlier … Palatability/Nutritional Value: In the vegetative stage, Kentucky bluegrass has 12% protein and a digestibility (Total Digestible Nutrient) composition of 67%. Most varieties of Kentucky bluegrass have been developed for use in lawns. Kentucky bluegrass also forms a tight sod, providing good pasture footing. Highly desired for its strong rhizomatous growth habit and unmistakable turf quality, Kentucky bluegrass is an extremely varied species. The botanical composition of Kentucky bluegrass pastures changes over and within growing seasons depending on environmental conditions and grazing management. 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