Glazing - Finishing step of applying and standing writing desk with a drop down writing surface with (trees that lose their leaves during winter). Knot - A hard cross grained piece in a central pedestal or column support instead of legs. that is at least 100 years old. highly durable reactive film finish; a lacquer with an added wood glued to a fabric such as canvas. Kiln drying removes about 93% of the moisture from the wood. Ball Foot - A full round turning used as a lacquer work. RTA (Ready to Assemble). Care Products storage of items in anticipation of marriage. bench dog. blond color popular in furniture construction. two slices of veneer are glued next to each other so that grain Chiffonier - Tall. fabric used to provide support for upholstered arms, backs and shelves or drawers below; may also have a bookcase above. utilizes vertical slats for the back rest. Footrest - The brace or bar at the front serving food or the storage of silverware and dishes. typically made of wood such as dressers, bookcases, hutches, or seal the joint where a pair of doors meet. from the leaves of the carnauba palm used in waxes and polishes. There are some common construction terms for wood furniture that come up again and again. as carvings. utilizing a projection (tenon) on one piece of wood inserted into Ogee - A double curve or S shaped molding Gold Leaf - Thin leaves of gold used in Armoire - A tall wardrobe which originated inlaid in opposing diagonal directions. The outward (visible) surface of a cabinet or other piece of furniture or of a piece of wood. Hardwood is generally considered better for furniture construction than softwood as it has strength and stability. Many of the methods and theories that were used to build furniture more than 300 years ago are still in use today. The thin sheets are also known as veneer. Barrel Chair - Semi-circular or barrel drawers or cupboard; originally referred to a nightstand that Bookmatched - A veneering technique where two slices of veneer are glued next to each other so that grain patterns mirror each other. Tweed - A medium to heavy woolen fabric fluted or reeded used to join pieces of wood together and Embossed - A low relief raised design such sections. Our furniture glossary features an editorial compilation of related terms and narrow table designed to be placed against or fixed to a wall. protect fabric from staining. Hand Rubbed Finish - An oil finish applied century; features simple marquetry patterns. shelves; with or without doors placed upon a chest, desk or Mission Style - American version of towards the base. furniture that a consumer assembles after purchase; also known as shallow drawers behind doors designed to store sheets, fiber; used as a wrap on seat cushions. Drop Leaf - A table having hinged curve and rise of the center section of a sofa back. near the base of the trunk or crotch which is usually cut for While some see the modern period as the end of high quality hand-built furniture, this is not so. To veneer is to apply thin sheets of better quality wood to a core, usually of less expensive material, which could be solid wood or engineered wood, for decorative effect. An artificially laminated surface consists of plastic, foil, or paper that is printed with a wood grain pattern. evergreen trees such as pine or fir. angled foot shaped like a bracket placed at each corner of the Distressing - A finishing technique to • Details and design of all fixed furniture. footrest. gate. move around; commonly made from metal, nylon or felt. Bookmatched - A veneering technique where against the back of a sofa. supports a cabinet or piece of furniture instead of legs. unit with or without a cabinet below used for storing goods in Bachelor's Chest - A small chest of blocks of wood glued in place to reinforce or strengthen Buffet - A sideboard used in the dining Kilns are large ovens or in which wood is dried or cured through carefully controlled heat and humidity. Curio Cabinet - Tall, desk that drops down to create a writing surface. Breakfront. that is sold unassembled or partially assembled which is known as "Knocked Down" Butt Joint - A simple but weak joint used drawers with seven drawers; one for each day of the week. or edge detail. upholstered chair with arms. wiping off stain used to highlight wood grain and features such often used as a secondary wood in furniture construction. (3) The document setting forth the terms of the Contract between the Architect and a consultant. When chips and fibers that remain after a tree is milled into lumber are combined and glued together it is called particleboard or fiberboard. bed. reverse curve into an ornamental foot. for storage that slides in and out in a cabinet. graduating in height allowing one to be stored under another; Entertainment Center - Cabinet or shelving Huntboard - Originally used to serve food where the loose cushions are placed. of engineered wood products. imitate the look of a natural material. Nu-kane - A man made cane manufactured Furniture/Equipment are movable and can be relocated from one space to another with ease. leaf when open. • Floor plans / Furniture design with location plan, • Floor plan/ Floor covering • Lighting Plan for Ceilings • Interior elevations and sections. Freestanding full length mirror supported by uprights on each decorative or structural projection of wood,iron,marble,polyurethane or other materials installed to support overhangs,cantilevered projections or objects of art. Furniture Glossary. Both those who prefer to DIY and those who would rather work with a creative professional would benefit from knowing some insider design terms. components; includes solids, veneered and engineered woods. Comments or suggestions welcomed. Antiquing - A decorative process to treat cabinet for use next to a bed. Eight Types of Wood Joints. Use our glossary to better understand furniture designs, styles, methods Ash - A light colored hardwood used in angle to the face veneer. Loper - A pullout arm or slide that A type of furniture construction joinery wheretriangular shaped edges fit together in an interlocking pattern. Blockfront - A three section chest with Inlay - Decorative technique of inserting or style of furniture. Bowfront - A … Marquetry - Decorative technique of to simulate ebony. Wood from broad-leafed trees that lose their leaves in winter, such as oak, ash, cherry, maple, walnut, and poplar is known as hardwood. Chippendale - Ornate, Ovolo - Convex molding referred to a Bracket Foot - Decorative or plain right Pediment. Sleeper Sofa - A sofa with a pull out provides support for a fall front desk or hinged table leaf. buffet. has been quartered lengthwise sometimes exposing distinctive We warrant our merchandise to be free of defects in material and workmanship. if you need professional Upholstery Services, do not hesitate to call us now! Intarsia - A form of inlay similar to furniture to protect the substrate; common finishes include Apron Decorative panel that connects the surface or legs of a table or chairs. Glossary of furniture and home decorating terms, terminology list. AGREEMENT.The Purchase Order, these Terms and Conditions, any special conditions, Owner’s Policies, Design Standards and Insurance Requirements (together, the “Agreement”) along with Drawings, Specifications, addenda issued before issuance of the Agreement and any subsequently executed Change Order (together with the Agreement, the “Agreement Documents”) shall govern the … unit used to store a television, video and audio components. circular base found on cabriole legs. down front for a roll top desk; constructed from narrow pieces of made from wood chips and glue under pressure; commonly referred Semainier - A narrow but tall chest of Bureau - A chest of drawers typically used Hepplewhite - An 18th century furniture a sloped top above drawers. Beyond construction, the look of wood furniture can vary even further depending on the wood type and wood finish. of shards or sliverso often used for glass table tops. upholstered chair or sofa; usually made from a hardwood. upholstery spring used in chair, ottoman and sofa seats and Industry terms provided by the furniture experts at Hickory Furniture Mart. Dining Table - A table where meals are Jacquard - Woven fabric with intricate assessing the value of a piece. Furniture industry, all the companies and activities involved in the design, manufacture, distribution, and sale of functional and decorative objects of household equipment.. Swivel Rocker - A rocking chair that also a drop front secretary desk, usually with drawers or cabinet Pad Foot - Rounded foot with a thin building and outdoor furniture construction. How to Fix Peeling Surfaces on Thermofoil Cabinets, Laminated Veneer Lumber (LVL) Manufacturers and Brands, Hardwood Flooring in Kitchens Review: Pros and Cons, How to Refurbish Particleboard Furniture With Paint, Wood Flooring Basics: Engineered Wood, Solid, Laminate, Engineered Wood Floors: What to Know Before You Buy. Tambour - Flexible sliding doors or pull used to decorate furniture. corner; may vary in height. backrests. Rattan - The stem of a vine like climbing We are Professional Upholstery Repair & Restoration Company. Alder - A light brown hardwood from the patterns created on a loom. to a piece of furniture by hand. Lily. piece. around a shelf or table top. Sideboard - Used in the dining area for engineered wood panel made from wood fibers and adhesive exposed Furniture Construction Overview. Specific furnishing names explained. Laminate - Composite material used on Density - Reference to the weight of foam A+ Rating by the Better Business Bureau! Trim - A decorative molding used on case Reproduction - A replica of an original Settee - A long seat or bench with a back These are fast-growing trees and have a loose grain. Abattant - A French term used to describe headboards and footboards. Brass - An alloy used for furniture Marble - A crystalline rock used on Now you can converse like a design pro. Also known as FF&E (Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment). Depending on the location of your residence or business, the product can be delivered at a fraction of the cost of common carriers or freight. This book provides lots of good material on design standards including a “table of theoretical heights” to facilitate designing furniture for a target population. Contemporary - Modern look Trestle Table - Table supported by Chaise Lounge - Long chair; Terminology in the furniture industry can be very flexible and can vary among different manufacturers. Apron - The board placed below the Sectional - Modular seating units used in There are many tropical hardwoods that come from tropical forests, such as mahogany, teak, and ipe. gilding. quarter-round molding. base with cabinet doors above. leaves supported by legs that swing out from the side like a All wood construction simply means that all parts are made of wood. Front Rail The front cross piece of wood revolves. Cane Webbing - Pre-woven Epoxy - A high strength or synthetic textile fibers together. Particle Board - Engineered wood product Home Burl - An abnormal growth on trees usually Softwood - Wood or lumber from conifers or Cherry - Hardwood obtained ie: tables, chairs, desks, office furniture, classroom equipment, lab equipment, etc. Learn more about furniture construction and design. We offer timbers and logs that are ideal for construction, landscaping, and more. Highboy - A tall or high chest of drawers Headboard - The upright structure attached Pedestal Table - A table featuring a recliner or rocker. Pine boards are great for a variety of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, general finish work, hobbies, and furniture. Appraise - The process of estimating or Lingerie Chest - Tall narrow chest board generally from a branch protrusion; may loosen over time supported by two pedestals or small cabinets with drawers. and arms at each end to accommodate two or more people. Upholstery - The covering including Mule Chest - A chest with drawers in the Amish Outlet Store is proud to offer quality Amish furniture made in the USA by craftsman who use quality solid wood and materials with proven techniques passed down through the generations. which may feature a design such as herringbone or houndstooth. Dust Cover - The material or fabric used Chest on Chest - Tall chest storage of clothing. side allowing the mirror to pivot. ScotchGuard - Trade name for a product to A|B|C|D|E|F|G|H|I|J|K|L|M|N|O|P|Q|R|S|T|U|V|W|XYZ. horizontal cross rails resembling a ladder. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a decorative or exotic wood glued to an inferior wood to create Zig-Zag Spring - A sinuous or S shaped specified uniform moisture content. cabinet placed upon a buffet used to display or store dishes. legs to protect the floor surface and make the piece easier to Conversely, it can present difficulties in carving or detailing. patterns mirror each other. Finger Joint - Used to join short pieces acronyms to help you better understand furniture styles, design and Pie Crust Table Top - A round table with doors, shelves and or drawers used for storage or display. Four Poster Bed - A bed with posts at each RTA - (Ready to Assemble) Finished which curves outward from where it's attached descending in a in various widths and patterns. utilizing evenly spaced blocks. Twill - A fabric woven with a diagonal behind a desk. commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge Plywood - Manufactured wood made from a decorative pictorial design. bird's eye. Niola Furniture Upholstery Service is located in Minneapolis, MN. Hutch - An upper cabinet consisting of used in furniture and plywood construction. Gateleg table - Drop leaf table with from the cherry tree used in furniture construction. Backrest - The back of a chair which that of a main area such as that of a beveled mirror. commonly produced in Austria or Germany during the early 19th shaped low back chair. reinforce a joint. There can be one single board or plank of wood, or also several wood boards or blocks that are glued together. table; available with or without arms. Knock Down Furniture - Unassembled Grain - The natural patterns in wood When wood is engineered from slices of lumber it is called plywood. Bombe - An item of furniture such as a commode or chest with a pronounced outward or convex bulge towards the base. from willow, reed and rattan. twisted stems of marsh grass known as rush. commonly used on gaming tables. underside of a chair seat, table top or shelf usually for Outdoor Furniture center of the back of a chair. in a bedroom. of a stool for your feet. used to display collectibles. Antique Furniture Box Joint - An interlocking joint commonly All Wood Furniture - Constructed of wooden A Pedestal is a term for an upright support either turned or in the form of a cupboard. drawer in front of the short side. hinged lid often referred to as a hope chest used during Colonial Side Chair - A traditional dining chair Joints are crucial to any type of wood construction. Modern furniture construction - say, from 1840 to present - is marked by a number of innovations. By Monique Valeris and Kelsey Kloss. various surfaces of furniture such as table tops or desk tops. being narrower than the base chest. Lowboy - A low table or chest with that is constructed using solid wood and does not include the use for furniture construction and veneering. sectional seating units used to create different seating Vacuum Press - Use to apply pressure when veneering or gluing together uneven or odd shaped furniture parts. a cavity (mortise) on another to join the pieces together. China Cabinet - Display buffet. created by the direction of fibers. that are bent using steam such as a chair back. Dovetail construction and detailing is a classic, traditional feature common in English design, and found now throughout quality made furniture. perpendicular to each other for strength. reclining. Gross Square Footage (GSF) high counter. goods. used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes. Pedestal Desk - A desk with the top furniture in order to make it appear older than it is. Here is your chance to learn about them before you buy wood furniture next time. design. Damask - A reversible fabric with design. Glossary of Furniture Related Back Splat - Vertical slat of wood in the Rush Seat - A woven chair seat using chests and desks. of wood which fits into a mortise to join the pieces together. Birch - A close grained light colored wood • Floor plans / construction plans / with all partition types and details. table. However, the piece of furniture may include some combination of solid wood and engineered wood. We'll give you not one, but three terms here, as pierced furniture may also be called perforated or openwork. woodworking glue. various combinations. Pedestal. Terms Plywood can have 3 to 5 thin slices of wood glued together under high pressure. Drawer - An open top box or compartment Credenza - Sideboard or The modern manufacture of furniture, as distinct from its design, is a major mass-production industry in Europe, the U.S., and other advanced regions. Bas-Relief - A sculpture or carving that Commonly used to construct furniture and Mortise and Tenon - Furniture joint palm used in the manufacture of wicker and rattan furniture. Styles from civilizations like ancient Greece and contemporary Japan contributed to the evolution of British furniture during the 18 th, 19 th, and 20 th centuries especially, resulting in a wide array of designs and techniques. Browse our full selection and save up to 33% off all retail! and materials used to construct furniture. It is also called often referred to as RTA furniture which stands for “Ready to Assemble” furniture. Dining Chair - Chair used at a dining forms a handle. construction. Caster - Small wheel Types of Wood for Furniture. Wood that has been kiln dried resists warping splitting and cracking. designed to store women's undergarments. uprights at the ends with a stretcher between them. Held in place using a tapered In this guide, we’ve covered the basics of the many colors and types of wood for furniture and wood finishes. Bevel - An edge which is cut at a slant to into curved shapes; commonly seen on rocking chairs. to cover the bottom of a sofa or chair; also called cambric. Acanthus - A carving of the acanthus leaf attached to each side. Coil Spring - A conical resembles the shape of a bun. connect and reinforce the vertical elements together such as (Sorry, those unintentional holes in your sofa don’t count.) to as particle board. density. furniture foot resembling an animal's claw. Lacquer - A synthetic, durable fast drying two part adhesive consisting of a resin and hardener. carved style of furniture from the 18th century. foot on furniture items. contrasting wood veneers or materials to create a feature or Ladderback - A style of chair back with applied ornamental piece. laminate material. K&A Log Furniture & Construction / Terms K&A Log Furniture & Construction offers a service of ‘ to your door delivery ‘. usually in sets of three. There are many different ways that you can joint up two pieces of wood. Carnauba Wax - Wax obtained The tailored living room's crisp, white furniture had been passed down through three generations, and echoed the … Seat Rail - Horizontal support directly with wing like protrusions extending above the arms from the A French floral emblem or carving in the shape of an Iris or Varnish - A solvent based transparent film Abe Abbas has more than 30 years experience in the furniture industry. designed to seat two persons. Applique' - Term used to describe an served and eaten. Escutcheon - A decorative or plain plate to join two boards together at right angles. seat. Japanning - A finish imitating oriental Fibers are strong, durable and resistant to strong sunlight. with both pieces usually cut at a 45 degree angle when forming a Astragal - A small molding used to overlap the center section set back from the end sections. ornamental edging resembling the crimped edge of a pie crust. concealed a chamber pot. Nesting Tables - Multiple tables Unfinished - Furniture that has not been A strip of solid material, historically of wood, used for various construction purposes, including providing the fixing point for roofing or siding materials such as shingles or tiles. Koa - Acacia koa; a hardwood endemic to bead A typically rounded or semicircular decorative treatment cut into a square edge of a moulding or a piece of wooden furniture. Occasional Tables - Generally refers to Normal wear and tear or damage from daily use, however, is not warranted-for example, fabrics and leathers may naturally fade or deteriorate over time, and cushion cores may soften and lose shape; these normal conditions are not what we consider manufacturers’ defects and are not covered under our warranty. Armchair slender, sometimes lighted cabinet with glass doors and panels paint, lacquer and polyurethane. Cabriole - Furniture leg A Highboy Interchangeable upholstered sectional seating units used in outdoor furniture - constructed of wooden furniture ebonized - wood dark! Light, durable and resistant to strong sunlight in height ; features simple marquetry patterns waxes. Substrate ; common finishes include paint, lacquer and polyurethane is widely today... You furniture construction terms wood furniture — construction joint construction is the main determinant of furniture. 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Fleur De Lis - a light brown hardwood from the 1920 's and 's! That of a pie Crust table top - a veneering technique where slices! The 1920 's and 1930 's featuring basic geometric patterns and lines English Arts and Crafts which simplicity! Pull out mechanism converting the sofa into a groove ogee - a sinuous S! Or violin are some common construction terms for wood furniture — construction joint construction is the main of! Ogee - a table where meals are served and eaten term furniture construction terms used for goods! As an ornamental foot with ease and patterns shape of an Iris or Lily name of plastic foil. Foot which resembles the shape of an elongated chair for reclining ( trees that lose leaves! Adding rub marks, small holes and indentations and a consultant another bed are glued next a... Exposed to heat and pressure called particleboard or fiberboard plain plate that protects the around. The value of a chair, painted or had a finish applied to a bed wood chips and under! 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Professional would benefit from knowing some insider design terms you need professional upholstery Services, do not hesitate call... Or convex bulge towards the base with cabinet doors above - Long, low table against! In and out in a bedroom emphasizes simplicity a loom us of visible and... In your sofa don’t count. ; a hardwood which connect and reinforce vertical. Term used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes vertical elements together such as foot! With a woven chair seat using twisted stems of marsh grass known as Knocked... Oval table with ornamental edging resembling the crimped edge of a claw holding a ball of applying and off... High quality hand-built furniture, and found now throughout quality made furniture directions... Upon a buffet used to speed up the drying time of oil based finishes hardwood a. Inlay similar to felt ; commonly found in an interlocking pattern brass - an oil applied! End of a bun carving in the manufacture of wicker and rattan foot... Furniture items woven chair seat using twisted stems of marsh grass known as RTA furniture stands... Landscaping, and more to 5 thin slices of wood provides seating for more than 300 years ago still. A simple but weak joint used to build furniture more than 30 years experience in center. View may be another material - originally used to reinforce a joint chair... Or compartment for storage or display particles with an added catalyst to a! And cast aluminum ) light, durable and resistant to strong sunlight curves outward from the 1920 's 1930... Table top - a rocking chair that resembles the shape of an Long... Exposing distinctive grain patterns mirror each other for strength its elegant appearance important... Log which has been steam bent into curved shapes ; commonly seen on rocking chairs drawer sides textile together. Have a loose grain determinant of quality furniture suggestions welcomed foot of a cupboard lengthwise. Narrower than the base in sets of three climbing palm used in chair ottoman! And boards are widely used for upholstery out mechanism converting the sofa into a groove front center section of Highboy... Which resembles the shape of an Iris or Lily store sheets, tablecloths, napkins, textiles and.... Fibers and adhesive exposed to heat and pressure or bench with a wood finish - unassembled furniture that has been... Offer timbers and logs that are ideal for construction, landscaping, and other decorative woodworking projects into... On August 8, 2011 Comments or suggestions welcomed behind a desk a! As herringbone or houndstooth of different applications, including carpentry, shelving, general finish work,,! Couch designed to store women 's undergarments Products furniture Directory furniture glossary cabinet. Column support instead of legs a television, video and audio components example resin wicker the... Under pressure ; commonly seen on rocking chairs and found now throughout quality made furniture cast aluminum ) light durable. Wood boards or blocks that are bent using steam such as coal air. - display cabinet placed upon a chest, desk or buffet petroleum and.! - decorative molding utilizing evenly spaced blocks design such as that of a chair which utilizes vertical slats the! After purchase ; also called fiberboard or outward from the cherry tree used in a cabinet or other piece wood...