The hadith that relates how revelation started to come to the Prophet (peace be upon him) indicates that she was the first one who knew about her husband’s prophethood and that revelation had started to come down to the earth. Khadija was buried in al-Hajun. Then was Zainab, then ‘Abdullah, then ‘Umm Kulthum, then Fatima, then Ruqayya, They were in this order. Monday , December 21 2020 / 5th Jumada I, 1442 A.H. [16], For the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion, the narration from Ibn ‘Abbas comes through the notorious link “Abu Salih – Muhammad bin Sa’ib al-Kalbi” which falls in the “chain of lies.”[17]. Al-Baihaqi (d. 458/1066)) mentions: قال أبو عبد الله: قرأت بخط أبي بكر بن أبي خيثمة قال: حدثنا مصعب بن عبد الله الزبيري قال: أكبر ولد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم القاسم , ثم زينب، ثم عبد الله، ثم أم كلثوم، ثم فاطمة، ثم رقية قال مصعب: هم هكذا: الأول فالأول، ثم مات القاسم وهو أول ميت من ولده، مات بمكة، ثم مات عبد الله، ثم بلغت خديجة خمسا وستين سنة، ويقال خمسين سنة وهو أصح،, Abu ‘Abdullah [al-Hakim] said: I read in the writing of Abu Bakr b. Abi Khaithama that he said: Mus‘ab b. Though Khadijah was 40 years old, it did not bother the Prophet one bit. In recent decades, however, some scholars have articulated the opinion that she was in fact twenty-eight. She was twenty-eight years old when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married her.[14]. The Sunni scholar Yusuf ibn abd al-Barr says: "His children born of Khadīja are four daughters; there is no difference of opinion about that. Khadija had then reached sixty-five years of age; and it was also said that she had reached her fifties and this is more correct.[36]. Mohammad (pbuh) was a widower for about a couple of years after Khadija( RA)’s death; then he thought of marrying again. His companions called that year the year of grief. Masha Allah, very well written and defended. [30] When Muhammad hesitated because he had no money to support a wife, Nafisa asked if he would consider marriage to a woman who had the means to provide for herself. Required fields are marked *. [17] To her second husband she bore two sons, who were named Hala and Hind. When he bowed down, the young boy and the woman bowed, and when he stood up straight, they, too, did likewise. Muhammad later called this tenth year "the Year of Sorrow", as his uncle and protector Abu Talib also died at this time. [45] Hamidullah, Dr., Le Prophete de l’Islam: Sa Vie et Son Ouvre/ The Life and Work of the Prophet of Islam, Translated by Dr. Mahmood Ahmad Ghazi, New Delhi: Adam Publishers, 2007, 49. Similarly, in the report of al-Zuhri and al-Muttalib bin Abullah bin Hantab, it is stated: وتوفيت خديجة لعشر خلون من شهر رمضان في السنة العاشرة من النبوة قبل الهجرة بثلاث سنين وهي بنت خمس وستين سنة, Khadija died on the tenth of Ramadan in the tenth year of Prophethood, three years before Hijra. This is especially true if we consider the following observation made by an expert of genealogies Al-Zubair bin Bakkar: قال: الزبير وسمعت علماءنا يقولون لا تحمل امرأة بعد ستين سنة إلا من قريش، ولا بعد خمسين إلا عربية. I think we all know, that Khadijah bint Khuwaylid was the first woman to be married to the Prophet Muhammad. The evidence for the popular Forty-Year opinion is of two types. This paper is an attempt at doing the same. The Prophet's Meeting with Bahira: A Critical Study of Narrations, 5. "He is Ali son of Abu Talib. Finances of the Prophet's Family, 2. It is generally agreed among historians, both Muslim and orientalist, that at the time of her marriage with the Messenger of Allah – may the peace and blessings of Almighty Allah be upon him – his first wife, Khadija, was forty years old. Khadijah was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad, a leader of Quraysh tribe in Mecca, and a successful businesswoman in her own right. This has been done by scholars from both the orientalist camp and (mostly) non-traditionalists in the Muslim camp. At the time of the marriage, the Prophet SAW was twenty-five years old, while Khadijah was forty years old. asked he again. Khadijah bint Khuwaylid, commonly known as Khadija, was the first wife and first follower of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The number of children she bore b On the other hand there are only two reports for the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion – one from Ibn ‘Abbas through the two Kalbis and another from Ibn Ishaq. Towards the end of her report about the proposal and the marriage she mentions the ages of the couple. According to some/many traditions, he died c. AD 585 in the Sacrilegious War, but according to others, he was still alive when Khadijah married Muhammad in 595. Ibn Taymiyyah states: ومعلوم أن الواقدي نفسه خير عند الناس من مثل هشام بن الكلبي وأبيه محمد بن السائب وأمثالهما, It is known that for people al-Waqidi is better than Hisham bin al-Kalbi and his father Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib and the likes of them.[18]. In order to submit a comment to this post, please write this code along with your comment: 60d8df3e72b1ed15fc9e95ec059beb6b, 1. [43] She was buried in Jannat al-Mu'alla cemetery, in Mecca, Saudi Arabia. But not because of that the Prophet Muhammad married her. She and her daughter Fatimah are two of the most important female figures in Islam. Play this game to review Religious Studies. Khadijah entrusted a friend named Nafisa to approach Muhammad and ask if he would consider marrying. When the polytheists and aristocrats of the Quraysh harassed the Muslims, she used her money to ransom Muslim slaves and feed the Muslim community. Khadijah bint Khuwailid, May Allah be pleased with her DRAFT. If Khadija’s story hasn’t broken stereotypes about Islam … We and the scholars around us [all] say that Khadija was born fifteen years before the Event of the Elephant and when the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) married her she was forty years old.[21]. [21] Ibn Sa’d, Muhammad, Tabaqat al-Kubra, Vol.8, 13, [22] Al-Baladhuri, Ahmad bin Yahya, Ansab al-Ashraf, Beirut: Dar al-Fekr, 1996, Vol.1, 98, [23] Ibn Habib, al-Muhabbar, Beirut: Dar al-Afaq al-Jadida, n.d., 79, [24] Al-Maqdisi, al-Mutahhir, al-Bad‘ wa al-Tarikh, Port Said: Maktaba Thaqafa al-Diniya, n.d., Vol.4, 138 and Vol.5, 10, [25] Al-Mawardi, Abu al-Hasan, A’lam al-Nubuwwa, Beirut: Maktaba al-Hilal, 1409, 180, [26] Ibn ‘Abd al-Barr, al-Isti’ab fi Ma’rifa al-Ashab, Amman: Dar al-A’lam, 2002, 888 No. Dr. Muhammad Hamidullah (d. 2002) writes: According to most chroniclers, she was forty years old at that time, but Ibn Habib and Baladhuri assure us that she was only 28. ‘Aisha too is said to have mentioned that it was rare for women in fifties to be able to conceive except for the women of Quraish.[53]. The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) buried her in her grave. Abbas asked his guest who answered in the negative. Here they slaughtered two camels and threw a banquet for the community. [16], Khadijah married three times and had children from all her marriages. أخبرنا مغيرة بن عبد الرحمن الأسدي عن أهله قالوا: سألنا حكيم بن حزام أيهما كان أسن رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – أو خديجة. Khadija (radi Allahu anha) addressed the Prophet … Muhammad's wives, or the wives of Muhammad, were the women married to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.Muslims often use the term "Mothers of the Believers" prominently before or after referring to them as a sign of respect, a term derived from the Quran.Muhammad was monogamous for 25 years when married to his first wife, Khadija bint Khuwaylid.After her death in 619 CE, he over time married … [12] Khadijah was said to have neither believed in nor worshipped idols (Taghut), which was atypical for pre-Islamic Arabian culture. Yet no single word of comment occurs in the pages of Ibn Hisham, Ibn Sa’d, or at-Tabari.[44]. [9][10], Khadijah became a very successful merchant. Muhammad insisted that Zayd be given a choice about where he lived, and Zayd decided to remain where he was, after which Muhammad legally adopted Zayd as his own son. Some have referred to an alleged statement of Mus‘ab b. More rec… For the Forty-Year opinion we have three reports from Hakim bin Hizam, one from Nafisa bint Munya, and a report each from al-Zuhri, al-Muttalib bin ‘Abdullah bin Hantab, Hisham bin Muhammad al-Kalbi, Hisham bin ‘Urwa, Muhammad bin Salih, and ‘Abdul Rahman bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz. ‘Abdullah al-Zubairi related to us: First child of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) was al-Qasim, next was Zainab, then ‘Abdullah, then ‘Umm Kulthum, then Ruqayya. أخبرنا هشام بن محمد بن السائب عن أبيه عن أبي صالح عن ابن عباس قال:كانت خديجة يوم تزوجها رسول الله – صلى الله عليه وسلم – ابنة ثمان وعشرين سنة, Hisham bin Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib reports from his father [Muhammad bin al-Sa’ib al-Kalbi] from Abu Salih that Ibn ‘Abbas said: At the time of marriage with the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), Khadija was twenty-eight years old. She was born fifteen years before the Event of the Elephant.[5]. The comparison between the evidence for the two opinions discussed above can be made along a number of lines. Religious Studies. Qur’an says ‘Ask People of the Book’: What and Why? 7 times. Khadijah is often referred to by Muslims as "Mother of the Believers". She was then sixty-five years old.[10]. ‘Abdullah is extant and has been published. [13], Khadijah did not travel with her trade caravans; she employed others to trade on her behalf for a commission. Yet, that did not bother the Prophet (SAW) one bit. "Do you know who he is?" At that time Khadija was forty years old. Furthermore, scholars have stated that al-Waqidi, despite the criticism he has received, is far better than the two al-Kalbis. One such controversy is surrounding the age of Khadija, the first wife of the Prophet, at the time of her marriage to him. While the order of her marriages is debated, it is generally believed that she first married Atiq ibn 'A'idh ibn' Abdullah Al-Makhzumi and second Malik ibn Nabash ibn Zargari ibn at-Tamimi. He loved her so deeply, and she loved him as deeply. Oddly, thirty[1] and forty-five years[2] are also mentioned as her age, but the most widely discussed are the Forty-Year opinion and the Twenty-Eight-Year opinion. 1122/1710).[33]. As accepted by Watt, bearing children during her 40s is by no means impossible for a woman. [32], Muhammad and Khadijah may have had six or eight children. Muhammad and Khadijah were married monogamously for 25 years. Based on the narrations of some of the greatest Sunni scholars, Asma’ was ten years older than Ayesha and she was 27 years old in the year 1 AH. Another possible example can be Umm Ayman who was married to Zaid bin Haritha and bore him Usama bin Zaid when she was nearly sixty years old.[52]. 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