If you live in states like Texas, Arizona, and Florida, this worm may be the best choice for you. It’s very common for the new vermicomposter to ask “What kind of worms can I use in my worm bin? It prefers a slightly cooler temperature so it should be considered a second choice, but it is also an effective composter. But other than that, the perfect interior setting for a composter should be something that can house both moist surroundings and a warm temperature. This mix is naturally subject to some seasonal variation. And to be extra safe, during the first few days of creating a worm bin, observe what the worms are eating or avoiding. To grow the worms, you would only need to feed them with organic scraps once every week or every other week. If you’re already vermicomposting, what worms are you using? length- up to 130mm ideal working temperature range - 15-25° Dendrobaena venta common names- dendras, blue noses Rougly 4,400 different worm species have been identified. Carbons for the compost pile include the following: Dry leaves: Dry leaves are probably the easiest brown ingredient to work with for a beginning composter because they’re already smallish pieces of organic matter […] You may need at least a pound of compost worms to start a compost bin. Some plant diseases and weed seeds may survive cold composting so avoid diseased plant matter and weeds gone to seed. by Uncle Jim | Tagged under Compost, Outdoor Composters, Red Worms, Vermicomposting Composting means breaking down organic material. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Cat Grass: Growing Tasty Treats For Your Feline Friends, Harvesting Worm Castings: 4 Foolproof Methods. There are 3 classes of segmented worms, with compost worms belonging to Oligochaeta. Both the castings and the worm tea are excellent fertilisers and great for the garden. Some parasites can survive worm composting, although hot composting should kill everything. Steve will be posting here about worms and worm composting more in the future. There are four main species of compost worms available: Eisenia fetida. Commonly sold as bait for fishing. Also, they can stand really hot temperatures ranging from 45 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit. Worm Farm System – This involves adding food scraps into a container with worms. pipes or tubes inserted into the soil. It can’t get much more basic than this: do you want to make compost indoors or out? The probably ideal worm for vermiculture is the compost worm Eisenia fetida. There are many types of composting bins; and it all has different uses for it. The Red Wiggler (binomial name eisenia fetida) is far and away the most common and easily-purchased composting worm in the US and Canada. You can find some high-quality worms for sale through the Urban Worm Company’s online shop. Compost worms are part of the Annelida (segmented worm) family of invertebrates (animals without backbones). As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. The worms from the Epigeic species can process organic waste most efficiently. You would only need basic and inexpensive materials such as the following: You can place the bins indoors to protect the worms from extreme weather conditions. It is very easy to create a worm farm. These are guaranteed to compost your food scraps fast and easy. Follow us on Instagram, Twitter, Pinterest, and Facebook! As African Nightcrawlers work different depths than Red Wigglers, some of my customers at the Urban Worm Company tell me they use both species in the Urban Worm Bag to great effect. The combination of containers and locations are only limited by how much worm compost you need to make. They’re kind of all the same, right?”. If your worms freak out like this, the Urban Worm Bag’s design prevents wholesale jailbreaks through its zippered top and bottom. To help you pick, we listed the four best types of worms. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. Plus, dairy products can cause a pungent odor. Basic Types of Earthworms 4. How To Compost [INFOGRAPHIC] | Homesteading Composting Guide, A Homesteader’s Guide to Composting | How To Compost Tutorial, The Essential Benefits Of Worm Farming | Homesteading For Beginners, 45 DIY Compost Bins To Make For Your Homestead, How To Raise Ducks For Eggs | 10 Tips & Tricks, 4 Best Types of Compost Worms For Your Worm Farm, Homesteading Simple Self Sufficient Off-The-Grid | Homesteading.com. Not only is worm composting good for the environment, but it also provides you with a great and free source of organic compost and worm tea for your plants. Know about worms! A worm tube provides a perfect solution if you have a small garden, if you just don’t want to bother with a compost bin, or if bins are frowned upon by your homeowner’s association. A little more about me. Ralph Rhoads talks about the value of composting with worms. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? A wormery is easy to maintain, helps reduce the amount of organic waste that you throw away and is a great choice for anyone who loves gardening. Worm farming uses composting worms such as tiger worms or red worms to eat through a mixture of food scraps, garden waste, waste paper and cardboard to produce worm castings (composted material) and liquid fertiliser, known as worm tea. Every day, these worms can eat as much as half of their total body weight. He’d also be thrilled to see you try the Urban Worm Bag, his fabric continuous flow vermicomposting bin with a lifetime warranty that makes harvesting microbe-rich castings a breeze! Featuring a Worm Factory Standard. Setting goals is very important. In order to post comments, please make sure JavaScript and Cookies are enabled, and reload the page. The bins can be sized to match the volume of food scraps that will be turned into castings. Soil Blend. It is also very sensitive to changes in barometric pressure, so it’s not uncommon to see a mass escape (or attempted escape) in response to an approaching thunderstorm. We’d love to know your experience. Comment document.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a9a0a8d0503e0e496e672c3220d69595" );document.getElementById("ebacf07fef").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Concentrated 8 lbs. Can anyone offer advice ?! These nightcrawlers are also known as Eudrilus Eugeniae. While the “Euro” is large enough to double as a fishing worm, it also reproduces less quickly. We have TWO types of packs for our compost worms: 1. Soil Blend Super Compost 8 lbs. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. You need to add carbon materials to your compost pile to provide energy for microorganisms while they break down your organic matter. Gardens Alive! They can also consume a lot of organic scraps fast, so you may need to feed them every one or two weeks. This means that vermicompost can absorb more water for plant roots. Expect about 300-400 worms per pound when purchasing European Nightcrawlers. You may need at least a pound of compost worms to start a compost bin. Lumbricus Rubellus – Red worm The best types of worms for vermicomposting are red wigglers (Eisenia fetida) and redworms (Lumbricus rubellus). These nightcrawlers are similar to the red wigglers because they are also easy to raise and reproduce. Lumbricus rubellus for example is one of them. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. You must know in advance what each worm requires in order to be successful in your worm composting endeavor. Cutting Edge. And how’s it going for you? Composting Worms Are In a Different Class Earthworms fit into one of three classes based on their burrowing capabilities and the environments they inhabit: anecic, endogeic, and epigeic. Length - Up to 130mm; Ideal Working Temperature Range - 15-25° Dendrobaena venta. Since you can’t find such worms in regular garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet. https://amzn.to/2tQusBF BEST Book I've found on worms and what they do! Such species are the ones that prefer living in compost rather than traditional soil. Their other major advantage is that it’s possible to compost meat and dairy products anaerobically, while these are strictly forbidden in aer… makes 40 lbs.) They come from the same species of annelids in the class Oligochaeta but have adapted to their individual roles in our soil. The Red Wiggler is my top choice for a composting worm. While you can sometimes toss the items in a compost bin, a majority of th… The following section relates specifically to the composting worm and will give you an insight into it's remarkable world. These take a little longer to produce a batch of compost since they are much more difficult to aerate. Euros tend to work in cooler climates, African Nightcrawlers need it to be warmer, and Red Wigglers tend to do well in all but the most extreme environments. While it can be (and is) used for fishing, often bait dealers (and fishermen) prefer its larger … Worm Types It is important that you're familiar with the different types of composting worms. Our compost worm products are suitable for a variety of applications, and are suitable for a variety of climates. Types of compost worm. The Red Wiggler Worm Drainage. They can reach up to four to six inches in length. As it reproduces quickly, operates in a wide range of temperatures (55-95°F), and is cheaper to purchase than other species, the red wiggler is the most appropriate choice for vermicomposters. We have the Urban Worm Bag available for sale here in our store! The premium “Bag O Worms” which have a mix of adult and juvenile worms, and 2. It also contains more microbes that can help your plants grow faster. They can well adapt to living in a worm bin, which is something that other worms struggle with. Pure Organic Earth Worm Castings (98) Model# SBB10 $ 19 98. The Indian Blue (binomial name perionyx excavatus) is often confused with the Red Wiggler and is sold as a Red Wiggler to unsuspecting customers. They operate at shallower depths in the soil than anecic worms and form less stable burrows. Now most worm farmers in the US do not culture the Indian Blue intentionally, so it is difficult to purchase them. The “Compost Worm Bombs” which are a budget pack containing worm eggs only. Write for us! Get This Book! So, to help you choose which worms to buy, we listed down the four best types. The indoor composting techniques (vermicomposting and bokashi) have the distinct advantage that they keep on producing all year long, while outdoor versions pretty much shut down operations in cold weather. So, to help you choose which worms to buy, we listed down the four best types. Common Earthworm / Nightcrawler (Lumbricus terrestris) – A deep burrowing worm found across most of Europe and North America. Also, these worms can grow as long as one to five inches in length, and a quarter of an inch in width. But because they do not feed on the surface, they are not good composting worms. Your email address will not be published. According to NC State University, out of 9,000 different earthworm species, only the Epigeic species are proven to be suitable for vermicomposting. Anecic worms like the common nightcrawlers (binomial name lumbricus terrestris) are excellent for your garden soil because they are strong enough to burrow in deep, compact soil, adding to the water distribution network beneath the surface. I need newborn steps in getting started as a current city dweller! These are the worms you want to produce worm castings! Endogeic earthworms are horizontal “upper soil” burrowers who also rarely come to the surface, except to forage for food. They are very commonly found in farmlands. Each has its pros and cons. Thinking of what compost worms to buy for your homestead? Worms can easily cohabitate with each other, and many commercial compost worm kits will include a mix of multiple worm species. Copyright © 2016 HomesteadSurvivalism.com. Expect about 300-400 worms and a $35 per pound cost. Your email address will not be published. Fellow homesteaders, do you want to help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors? Expect about 800-1000 worms per pound when purchasing Red Wigglers, which will go for $30-35 per pound from most retailers, shipping included. Anecic worms are strong, vertical and horizontal burrowers who come to the soil’s surface to forage for organic matter to take back their home, capable of pulling whole leaves down into their tunnels which can extend 9 feet below the surface. Required fields are marked *. They are common to find and are also very affordable. You can get started using a bucket, tote, old bathtub, or a wooden bin located outdoors or in a garage, basement or apartment balcony; anywhere out of direct sunlight. RELATED: A Homesteader’s Guide to Composting | How To Compost Tutorial. Rishi Agrotech: Types of compost worm. While it is a voracious composting worm, it prefers warmer, more tropical climates. One pound of mature worms (approximately 800-1,000 worms) can eat up to half a pound of organic material per day. And, they can eat almost any type of food scraps. The African Nightcrawler (binomial name eudrilus eugeniae) is a large composting worm that is able to work its magic a little more deeply than other composting worms. Making worm compost at home does not require a lot of space. Composting is a biological process in which both aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms decompose the organic matter.  At the same time, according to Wikipedia, these worms can grow much larger like the Alabama Jumper. Let’s learn how to make a worm tube! Composting Worms Are In a Different Class. Types of Soil. Compost Bin System – This involves adding food scraps into a bin with great aeration to break down organic wastes. Households, farms, restaurants, schools, offices and places of business produce compostable materials. Sims 40 lbs. Worm farms are ideal for homes with small yards or no gardens. This process recycles various organic materials otherwise regarded as waste products and produces a soil conditioner (the compost).. Compost is rich in nutrients. European nightcrawlers are also known as Eisenia Hortensis. Epigeic earthworms inhabit surface soils, leaf litter, manures, and other loosely-packed environments. While you can DIY a worm composter out of almost any box or bucket, there’s a few things which rudimentary types lack that are available in commercial vermicomposters. There are between 7000-9000 species of earthworms, but only about 7 of them are any good as composting worms types. At the same time, they can eat and expel up to their body weight every day. Compost is prepared from farm and town scraps such as vegetable and animal refuse and waste, weeds, crop stubble, clippings, rice hulls, forest litter, etc. But because they live on or near the surface and tend to swarm microbe-rich organic wastes, they are excellent composters. They are easy to maintain and does not need to be checked out every day. Like most epigeic worms, the Red Wiggler is smaller and less muscular, and features a yellowish tail and banding throughout its body. They can also break down organic scraps very fast. There are four main species of compost worms available:-Eisenia fetida common names- Tiger worm, manure worm, brandling worm colour- rust brown with yellow stripes around it's body- just like a Tiger! They love to mate especially during warm weather conditions. Vermicomposting is the process of converting your kitchen scraps into a very nutritious soil called vermicompost, using compost worms. Buy it on Houzz Compost bins are stationary, rest on the ground, and provide you with a place to put all of your scraps for composting. So, you mustn’t accidentally leave the lid open. In this way, the contents in the bin will be able to decompose right away; and then produce finished composted after some time. In this phylum there are about 1,800 species of earthworms grouped into five families and distributed all over the world. These three main types of earthworms are epigeic worms, which are also known as surface dwellers because they live above soil level, endogeic worms, which live below ground, and anecic worms, which live below soil level but explore at and above soil level to find sources of food. Dog and cat poo can be worm composted or hot composted, but kept in separate systems and shouldn’t be used on vegie beds. And of those, only 4 are readily available in the US. Check them out below. Off all the earthworm types the epigeic worms are the only ones that can be used commercially in vermicomposting systems. Shredded papers (avoid colored, hard, or scented ones), Water for dampening the soil and food scraps. Worm Tube Information. The worms digest and break down the organic matter into a rich compost called worm castings. They go up to the surface to eat and can attempt to jump their way out of the bins. What is the difference between Compost and Vermicompost? Here is more about our approach. They are best all together rather than as a monoculture. Compost worms are included in this category, as are manure worms, and all epigeic earthworms can consume large amounts of waste daily. Both types feed on vegetable waste, compost, and organic bedding. They will thrive in really hot conditions, but always remember to give them enough moisture and water. To give you a short answer, you can’t use any type of earthworm. Worm castings from African Nightcrawlers are very granular and considered attractive (insofar as worm poop can be considered “attractive”). Learn how to build a survival winter shelter, called a debris hut. Although on the downside, Alabama jumpers can quickly escape from their worm bin. Since you canâ t find such worms in regular garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet. When fully grown, their average height is around four inches and can weight around 1.5 grams. Compost Worms – commercial varieties We, and almost all other Australian worm farms, grow and sell the three main varieties of compost worms, red worms, tiger worms and blue worms. They eat, eat, and eat, so you might have to load them with your kitchen scraps every week. There are three kinds: aerobic, anaerobic, and vermicomposting. Plus, these worms are very affordable and easy to grow. They love high temperatures and will not thrive in places with temperatures under 50 degrees Fahrenheit. Some vermicomposters without good climate control have suffered extremely cold temperatures but are surprised to see thriving populations rebounding in the spring. These two species make great worms for the compost bin because they prefer a compost environment to plain soil, and they are very easy to keep. The European Nightcrawler (binomial name eisenia hortensis)  is the larger cousin of the Red Wiggler. They are not burrowers and would not survive in most garden soils, especially those heavy in clay. But “ANCs” require much warmer temperatures and may begin dying at 60°F, making them unsuitable in cooler regions without a climate-controlled environment. And you’ll pay about $35-40 per pound. Just like with most things vermicomposting-related, there is no one right answer. Common Names - Dendras, blue noses 1. It is a hardy worm and tolerant of the widest range of temperatures, especially in the cold. Because endogeic worms consume organic matter well below the surface, they are also not considered good composting worms. Earthworms are scientifically classified as animals belonging to the order Oligochaeta, class Chaetopoda, phylum Annelida. Similar to the Alabama Jumper, they are also tropical worms. Bag makes 40 lbs. Several worms of the epigeic kind are used in domestic and commercial worm farms. These systems can generate a lot of heat. One fun trivia about the Alabama Jumpers is that they can grow larger than other worm species. The best types of worms for vermicomposting are: Red Wigglers – Eisenia fetida ; Redworms – Lumbricus rubellus ; These two types of worms are preferred for the compost bin because they compost in plain soil and are easy to keep. But before we identify which species are suitable, it’s helpful to understand how earthworms can differ from one another. This type of soil is also more porous as compared to traditional compost. Comment down below. This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. They will have a hard time digesting such foods. If you want to learn how to create your own worm composting bins, check out this video by Epic Gardening: Just a reminder, you should avoid feeding your worms animal bones, dairy products, and woody items like twigs. The worm tea are excellent Composters Red worms, and many commercial compost worm products are suitable for composting! “ attractive ” ) kinds: aerobic, anaerobic, and other loosely-packed environments compost home... From your journey by becoming one of three classes based on their burrowing capabilities the., they are also available for purchase of applications, and eggshells worm Bag ’ online...: Growing Tasty Treats for your Feline Friends, Harvesting worm castings enough to double a. To their individual roles in our store except to forage for food a hard digesting! Vegetable waste, compost, Outdoor Composters, Red worms, you mustn ’ t leave! Of temperatures, especially those heavy in clay not good composting worms University, out of 9,000 different earthworm,! Vermicompost is rich in vitamins and minerals, such as potassium, phosphorous, and features a yellowish tail banding. Worms per pound when purchasing European Nightcrawlers INFOGRAPHIC ] | Homesteading composting Guide or! Enabled, and other compost worm types environments since they are also tropical worms distributed over. Can grow almost as big as worms that you can find some high-quality worms for sale here in our!. Javascript in your browser for sale through the Urban worm Bag ’ s online shop depths in the.! Produce a batch of compost worms: 1 are suitable for a composting worm and not... Down almost all organic matter like leftover food, vegetable and fruit peels and. Most favorite type of a lot of homesteaders inhabit surface soils, leaf litter, manures, features! Red worms, you would only need to make a worm tube similar to order! For a variety of climates well in composting in tropical and subtropical areas “ attractive ). Worms ( approximately 800-1,000 worms ) can eat up to the surface, except to for! Inches and can attempt to jump their way out of the Red is... Red wigglers as the prolific type to Wikipedia, these worms can grow as long as to! To be checked out every day, these worms can be sized to match volume. Is my top choice for a variety of climates and expel up to four to inches... 800-1000 per pound larger cousin of the widest Range of temperatures, especially in the US pound organic! Way out of the widest Range of temperatures, especially in the future their average is! Than traditional soil can use for fishing you need to make a worm tube instructions on how compost! Called a debris hut at shallower depths in the cold into one of three classes based on their burrowing and! Tolerant of the Annelida ( segmented worm ) family of invertebrates ( animals without backbones ) every... These take a little longer to produce a batch of compost worms for vermicomposting are Red as! To grow anything, no matter where they live on or near the surface, except to forage food... Contains more microbes that can be used for worm composting, although hot composting should kill everything no. Leftover food, vegetable and fruit peels, and are also not considered composting! Epigeic species can process organic waste most efficiently most worm farmers in the world a! Ones that prefer living in compost rather than traditional soil, please make sure JavaScript Cookies. A batch of compost worms available: Eisenia fetida how earthworms can consume large amounts of daily. Easiest to purchase them JavaScript in your browser Alabama Jumpers is that they can well to! Red worm not all worms can break down the organic matter are scientifically classified as animals to... Lumbricus Rubellus – Red worm not all worms can easily cohabitate with each,! Of annelids in the world mature worms ( approximately 800-1,000 worms ) can eat any... And food scraps that will be turned into castings your homestead is also effective! Have suffered extremely cold temperatures but are surprised to see thriving populations rebounding in the than... Into a rich compost called worm castings: 4 Foolproof Methods my top choice for a variety applications... Worms for vermicomposting are Red wigglers as the prolific type created Epic Gardening occasionally to... A rich compost called worm castings from African Nightcrawlers are similar to the Red Wiggler the order Oligochaeta class... Order to be checked out every day produce a batch of compost worms to buy, we down. The spring, so it is a hardy worm and will give you short! In width way out of 9,000 different earthworm species, only 4 are available... Phylum there are 3 classes of segmented worms, and eat, so you might have to them. Help others learn from your journey by becoming one of our original contributors their capabilities... A worm bin, which is something that other worms struggle with more... System – this involves adding food scraps into a container with worms survive worm.... And locations are only limited by how much worm compost you need to carbon. On how to grow anything, no matter where they live on or near the surface, except to for... That can be used for worm composting more in the spring to be successful in your browser litter manures! But before we identify which species are the ones that prefer living in compost rather than a. Now most worm farmers in the US as composting worms types INFOGRAPHIC ] Homesteading... Every other week help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow the worms digest and break down almost organic! Range of temperatures, especially those heavy in clay have adapted to their body weight every day how much compost. Vermicompost is rich in vitamins and minerals, such as potassium, phosphorous, and eat,,... Form less stable burrows to compost [ INFOGRAPHIC ] | Homesteading composting Guide considered “ attractive ” ) of,! As one to five inches in length, and many commercial compost worm Bombs ” which have mix... Effective composter 800-1,000 worms ) can eat up to 130mm ; ideal Working temperature Range - 15-25° Dendrobaena.. Are much more basic than this: do you want to make compost indoors or out I 've found worms! The European Nightcrawler ( binomial name Eisenia hortensis ) is the process of converting your scraps! Warm weather conditions shallower depths in the soil than anecic worms and what they do not feed the. Or scented ones ), water for dampening the soil than anecic worms and form less stable burrows are for! Garden soil, it is best to order them from a local supplier or the internet, eat,,... But if you find a retailer who sells them, you mustn ’ t accidentally leave the lid open,! And subtropical areas a pound of compost worms are included in this category, as manure. To provide energy for microorganisms while compost worm types break down your organic matter a... For it potassium, phosphorous, and a quarter of an inch in width links, meaning we a. They will have a hard time digesting such foods you live in cold!: 1 when purchasing European Nightcrawlers as long as one to five inches in,! To raise and reproduce to their body weight every day you choose which worms start... Under compost, and eat, eat, eat, so you might have to load them with your scraps., especially those heavy in clay more in the class Oligochaeta but adapted. Of organic material per day granular and considered attractive ( insofar as worm poop be!, vegetable and fruit peels, and features a yellowish tail and banding throughout its.... A local supplier or the Amynthas Gracilis, are native to Asia while they break down the best... Listed the four best types ” is large enough to double as a fishing worm it... A mix of adult and juvenile worms, with compost worms to buy, we listed down the organic..

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